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Naushad Ali and Mohd. Rafi: A musical relationship

Compiled by: Mr. Biman Baruah

Rafi Sahab and Naushad Ali

Rafi Sahab and Naushad Ali

Naushad Ali and Mohammed Rafi both were the legends of Hindi Film Music, former one is one of the greatest Music Directors of Indian Cinema and later one is one of the greatest playback singers of Indian Cinema who made for each other and born on 25th and 24th December respectively. Both the legends are almost forgotten man today. But the immortal songs created by them still continue to live on in the minds of all music lovers and the songs are the undying treasure of Hindi Film Music. On their birth anniversary in December, they were more or less ignored in Film Industry, to which both the maestro devoted their life.

Naushad Ali was born on 25th December 1919 in Luchnow, a traditional city famous for refined North Indian Culture. From early childhood in Luchnow he was a keen listener to the live orchestras accompanying silent films. Before coming to Bombay, he used to repair harmoniums and composed for amateur theatricals such as the Windsor Music Entertainers.

Mohammed Rafi was born on 24th December 1924 at Kotla Sultanpur, a town near Amritsar in undivided Punjab. In childhood, he started singing by imitating chants of a Fakir in his village. He started his career at the age of 20, as singer in a Punjabi film Gul Baloch.

Lessons in Music:

Naushad studied classic Hindustani music under Ustad Ghurbat Ali, Ustad Yusuf Ali and Ustad Babban Seheb.

Rafi learnt Hindusthani Classsical music from Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan, Ustad Wahid Ali Khan, Pandit Jiwanlal Matto and Firoze Nizami.

Initial Days in Bombay:

Naushad moved to Bombay in late 1930s to try his luck in Hindi Cinema as a musician. After struggle, he got a job as a pianist in composer Mushtaq Hussain’s orchestra. Then, he joined as an assistant to music director Khemchand Prakash. His first independent break as a composer in Prem Nagar (1940), but he was noticed with Sharda (1942) and then Rattan (1944) took him right to the top which enabled him to charge Rs. 25,000 a film. He composed hit music in the 1940s mainly in the films of A.R. Kardar’s Shahjehan(1946), Dard(1947), Dillagi(1949), Dulari(1949), and Mehboob Khan’s Anmol Ghadi(1946), Elaan(1947), Anokhi Ada(1948), Andaaz(1949). He was one of the first composers to introduce sound mixing and the separate recording of voice and music tracks in playback singing. He combined first the flute and the clarinet, the sitar and mandolin. He also introduced the accordion to Hindi film music and was among the first to concentrate on background music to make perfection in characters’ moods and dialogues delivery through music.

Mohd Rafi and Naushad Ali

Mohd Rafi and Naushad Ali

Rafi moved to Bombay in 1944 and Tanvir Naqvi introduced him to leading film producers like A.R.Kardar, Mehboob Khan and actor-director Nazeer. He met the famous music director Naushad with a letter of recommendation from Naushad’s father. Initially, Naushad used Rafi as part of a chorus in the song “Hindustan Ke Hum Hain Hindustan Hamara Hindu-Muslim Dono Ki Aakhoon Ka Tara” with Shyam Sundar, Alauddin and others from A.R.Kardar’s Pehle Aap(1944) for which Rafi got only 50 rupees. Rafi sang a number of songs for Naushad as part of chorus, including the famous one “Mere Sapnon Ki Rani , Roohi Roohi” with his idol K.L. Saigal from the film Shahjahan(1946). Rafi was first noted for the song “Tera Khilona Toota Balak” from Mehboob Khan’s Anmol Ghadi (1946) and his duet “Yahan Badla Wafa Ka” with Noor Jehan in the film Jugnu also became a hit. In 1949, Rafi was given solo songs by Naushad in the films Chandni Raat, Dillagi and Dulari.

In 1952, the songs of Baiju Bawra established Rafi as the number one playback singer of Hindi Cinema. It is said that Talat Mahmood was the Naushad’s favorite singer and once he found Talat smoking in recording room, so he irritated and hired Rafi to sing for Baiju Bawra. Later on Naushad started using Rafi as a male voice in almost every song composed by him. In fact, Naushad Saheb found a singer in Rafi Saheb, who was capable of singing all type of songs of his compositions perfectly.

Naushad-Rafi and tragic hero Bharat Bhushan:

Naushad Ali was best known for version of Indian traditional classical music into the Hindi Cinema. Almost his compositions were inspired by traditional raga modes. Baiju Bawra is a good example of Naushad’s clutch of classical music. Dilip Kumar and Nargis was the original choice of veteran filmmaker Vijay Bhatt for this grand project, but composer Naushad cut off star names and insisted on comparative newcomers. The all songs of the film “O Duniya Ke Rakhwale Sun Dard Bhare Mere Nale”, “Tu Ganga Ke Mauj Mein Jamuna Ki Dhara Ho Rehega Milan Ye Hamara Tuhmara”, “Man Tarpat Hari Darshan Ko Aaj”, “Nirdhan Ka Dhan Lutnewale Lut Loo Dil Ka Pyar”, “Mohe Bhool Gaye Sawariya”, “Akeli Mat Jaiyo Raadhe Jamuna Ke Teer”, “Jhoole Mein Pawan Ki Aayi Bahar”, “Door Ki Gaae Dhun Ye Sunaae”, “Bachpan Ki Mohabbat Ko Dil Se Na Juda Karna”, “Insaan Bano Karlo Bhalai Ka Koi Kaam” was became very popular and out of which first two are everlasting. The film was a golden jubilee hit with much help from Naushad’s classical raga based compositions and vocals of Rafi and it established two new stars Bharat Bhushan and Meena Kumari and which was the 18th film of Bharat Bhushan.

In the words of India’s greatest playback singer Lata Mangeshkar who sang for Naushad in Baiju Bawara, “The music he composed for Baiju Bawara surprised even me. It was entirely different from what he had done before. Different ragas were used for different situations and the purity of the ragas were maintained to the greatest possible extent.” Naushad was among the early composer who gave Lata a break to sing and the films Andaaz and Dulari were influential in her rise to the top in 1949.

The other impressive Rafi songs composed by other than Naushad were “Ek Pardesi Mera Dil Le Gaya” from Phagun, Do Ghadi Woh Jo Paas Aa Baithe” from Ghunghat, “Zindagi Bhar Nahin Bhulgi” from Barsaat Ki Raat and “Jab Jab Bahar Aaye Aur Phool Muskurayee” from Taqdeer picturised on Bharat Bhushan with perfect lip harmonization.

Naushad-Rafi-Sakeel Badayuni and tragedy king Dilip Kumar:

In late 1950s, Rafi’s voice, Naushad’s music and Shakeel Badayuni’s lyrics would become super-duper hit and the songs were being heard in all corners of the streets. The combination is famous for extraordinary songs picturised on Dilip Kumar, the greatest actor whose performances are renowned as the epitome of Indian Cinema. He earned the title of “tragedy king” for playing tragic roles in the films Babul (1950), Deedar (1951), Amar (1954), and Devdas(1955). The Naushad’s music and Rafi’s voice had much facilitate the thespian Dilip Kumar in getting this title.

Naushad composed the music for Dilip Kumar starred films like Mela(1948), Andaz(1949), Babul(1950), Deedar(1951), Aan(1952), Amar (1954), Uran Khatola (1955), Kohinoor (1960), Mughal-E-Azam(1960), Gunga Jamuna(1961), Leader(1964), Dil Diya Dard Liya (1966), Ram Aur Shyam (1967),  Sungharsh (1968) and Aadmi(1968). Naushad had used the voice of Mukesh in Mela and Andaz and Talat Mehmood in Babul to playback for Dilip Kumar. Naushad had used the voice of Rafi to playback for Dilip Kumar first time in Deedar and all the songs were everlasting: “Hue Hum Jinke Liye Barbaad Sahe Woh Humko Kare Na Yaad Jeevan Bhar Hum Unke Yaad Mein Gaye Jayenge”, “Meri Kahani Bhulne Wale Tera Jaha Abad Rahe”, “Bachpan Ke Din Bhula Na Dena”, “Naseeb Dar Pe Tere Aazmaane Aaye Hoon” by Rafi and “Dekh Liya Meine Kismat Ka Tamasha Dekh Liya” by Rafi-Lata. Mehboob Khan’s Aan had two evergreen Rafi songs: “Maan Mera Ehsaan Aare Nadan Ki Meine Tujshe Kiya Hai Pyar” and “Dil Mein Chupa Ke Pyar Ka Toofan Le Chale”. The songs of Udan KhatolaO Door Ke Musafir Humko Bhi Saath Le Le Re”, “Mohabbat Ki Rahoo Mein Chalna Sambhal Ke Yahan Joo Bhi Aaya Gaya Haath Maal Ke”, “Sambhal Kar Khelna Dariya Se Moojee Ki Ravani Mein”, “Mera Salam Le Ja”, “Haal-E-Dil Main Kya Kahoon” were very expressive. The songs of Kohinoor “Do Sitaron Ka Zameen Par Hai Milan”, “Madhuban Mein Radhika Nache Girdhar Ki Murliya Baaze Re”, “Dhal Saki Syame-Gam Muskurra Le Sanam”, “Chalenge Teer Jab Di Par” were so outstanding with special effects of bhajans.

Naushad Saheb was also famous for using of eminent classical artistes in his films and Mughal-e-Azam is a very good example of it, where two songs “Shubh Din Aayo” and “Prem Jogan Ban Ke Sundari Pio Chali” were sung by noted classical singer Bade Ghulam Ali Khan. In spite of exceptional musical score in the film with Rafi’s “Ae Mohabbat Zindabad” with chorus of 100 and everlasting Lata jewels “Pyar Ki To Darna Kiya” and “Mohabbat Ki Jhooti Kahani Pe Roye”, it was surprising that Naushad Saheb lost the Filmfare Award that year which goes to Shankar-Jaikishan for popular melody in Dil Apna Aur Preet Parayi (1960).

In 1961 Dilip Kumar’s home production starred with his real life brother Nasir Khan in Gunga Jamuna had exciting Rafi number “Nain Lad Jayeehen Tu Maan Rama Khatak Hoibe Kori Prem Ka Nagari Mein Hum Ka Bhi Hauqe Hoibe Kari” with bhojpuri mixture even picturised on Dilip Kumar. Another Rafi-Lata duet from the film was “Chhalia Re Chhalia”. Leader had classic Rafi songs with romantic plea: “Mujhe Duniyawalo Sharabi Na Samjo Mein Pita Nahin Hoon Pilayee Gayee Hai”, “Humi Se Mohabbat Humi Se Laddai Aare Mar Dala Duhayee Duhayee”, “Teri Husn Ki Kiya Tariff Karun”, “Ek Shahenshah Ne Banke Hasin Tajmahal” and “Apni Azadi Ko Hum Hargiz Mita Sakte Nahin” by Rafi-Lata. All the Rafi songs from Dil Diya Dard Liya : “Dilruba Meine Tere Pyar Mein Kiya Kiya Na Kiya Dil Diya Dard Liya” “Koi Sagar Dil Ko Bahlata Nahin”, “Gujre He Isqe Mein Hum Us Mukam Se Nafrat Si Ho Gayi He Mohabbat Ki Naam Se”, “Sawan Aye Na Aye” were one of the bests which harmonized with Naushad’s compositions.

After a number of box office flops in mid 1960s, Dilip Kumar comeback in double role with full of comedy, action, dance and all nitty-gritty in Ram Aur Shyam (1967) that was a biggest box office hit. But Naushad’s compositions with Rafi songs overruled all nitty-gritty of the film. The remarkable songs were “Aaj Ki Raat Mere Dil Ki Salami Le Le”, “Aayee Hai Baharen Mite Zulm-Sitam Pyar Ka Zamana Aaya Door Huye Gaam” by Rafi, “Main Hoon Saqi Tu Hai Sharabi Sharabi” by Rafi-Lata was picturised on Dilip Kumar and Waheeda Rehman and “Lut Liya Dil Tune Mera Raah Mein Chalte Chalte” by Rafi-Asha was picturised on Dilip Kumar and Mumtaz.

Dilip Kumar-Vyjayanthimala starred Sangharsh had two popular Rafi songs composed by Naushad Saheb : “ Mere Peron Main Ghungroo Bandha De Tu Phir Meri Chal Dekh Le” and “Jaab Dil Se Dil Takrata Hai Maat Poocheyee Kiya Hota Hai Rukti Hain Zuban Jukti Hai Nazaar Mathe Pe Pachina Aata Hai”. Both the songs are very good example of versatility of compositions and singing of two legends. The first song creates hullabaloo among the audiences in the Cinema Hall and the second one creates motionlessness. Dilip Kumar-Waheeda Rahman-Manoj Kumar starred Aadmi was the last film of this combination and the film had two emotional and precious songs “Aaj Purani Rahano Se Koi Mujhe Aawaz Na De” and “Na Aadmi Ka Koi Bharosa Na Dosti Ka Koi Thikana”.

Naushad Saheb used to compose music for most of the thespian’s film suffered his profession due to decline of Dilip Kumar in late 1960s. He completed music of Pakeezah after death of Ghulam Mohammed’s death and continued doing occasional film up to 1990s without old magic due to popularity of westernized music. Rafi Saheb continued doing playback for Dilip Kumar in films like Gopi (1970), Daastan (1972), Bairaag (1976) and Kranti (1981).

Naushad-Rafi and Jubilee hero Rajendra Kumar:

In 1960s, Rafi-Shankar-Jaikishan combination was famous for songs picturised on jubilee hero Rajendra Kumar in beautiful and natural locations of Kashmir and Himachal. Rafi Saheb was the natural voice of Rajendra Kumar and catch of Rafi songs supported to a great extent making Kumar’s six consecutive films hits between 1963 to 1966: Mere Mehboob(1963), Sangam(1964), Ayee Milan Ki Bela (1964), Zindegi (1964), Arzoo(1965) and Suraj(1965), which felicitated him the label of “Jubilee Hero”.

Naushad Saheb also composed music for Rajendra Kumar starred films like: Mere Mehboob (1963), Palki(1967), Saathi(1968), Ganwaar(1970), Tengewala(1972) and Sunehra Sansar(1975), out of which Mere Mehboob and Ganwaar were box office hits. H.S. Rawail’s triangular romantic and muslim social drama had popular Rafi songs: “Ai Husn Zara Jaag Tujhe Isqe Jagaaye”, “Mere Mehboob Tujhe Meri Mohabbat Ki Kasam Phir Mujhe Nargisi Aakhon Ka Sahara De De”, “Tumse Izhaar-e-Haal Kar Baithe”, “Aaj Purkat Ka Khwab Tut Gaya”, “Yaad Mein Teri Jag-Jag Ke Hum Raat Bhar Karwate Badalte Hai” in ghazal forms. Mahesh Kaul’s Palki had also similar Rafi ghazals like “Aye Shehr-e-Lakhnoo Tujhe Mera Salaam Hai”, “Dil-e-Betaab Ko Seene Se Lagaana Hoga”, “Mere Ghar Se Pyaar Ki Palki Chali Gayee”, “Kal Raat Zindegi Se Mulakat Ho Gaye Lab Tharthara Rahe The Magar Baat Ho Gaye”, “Bhari Mehfil Mein Agar Mere Maula Ek Tera Sahara Mil Jaaye”. Mukesh and Lata sang the memorable song from Sridhar’s Saathi “Mera Pyar Bhi Tu Hai Ai Bahar Bhi Tu Hai Tuhi Nazroon Mein Jane Tamanna”.

Rajendra Kumar’s home production with his real life brother Naresh Kumar in director’s seat had number of popular and memorable songs: “Duniya Hanse Hanste Rahe Main Hoon Ganwaar Mujhe Saab Se He Pyar”, “Mehka Mehka Roop Tuhmara Beheki Beheki Chal Main Pholoon Ki Daal Girahi Pooche Ek Sawal Tuhmara Naam Kya Hai” and the sharabi number “Peekar Sharab Khelunga Main Tu Sabab Se Bathe Hai Mere Samne Chehere Gulab Se” by Rafi, “Hum Se To Achhi Teri Payal Gori Jo Rooj Rooj Tera Badan Chumee” and “Tera Chikna Roop Hai Aaicha Anar Jaisa Kajra Laal Sajini” by Rafi-Asha. Ganwaar was the last box office success of Rajendra Kumar and also the last film of dancing beauty Vyjayanthimala who paired with him in six films.

Naushad-Rafi-and superstar Rajesh Khanna:

Naushad used the voice of Rafi to playback for Rajesh Khanna in Sultan Ahmed’s multicast film Dharam Kanta (1981) starring Raj Kumar, Waheeda Rahman, Rajesh Khanna, Reena  Roy, Jeetendra, Sulachana Pandit and Amjad Khan in dual role. The songs from the film: “Yeh Gotey Dar Lahenga Nikele Jaab Chaal Se” by Rafi-Asha was picturised on Rajesh Khanna & Reena Roy in a train and “Duniya Chhoote Yaar Na Chhote Dil Ki Dharam Kante Par Dekha Pyar Ka Palla Bhari Hai” by Mohd. Rafi & Bhupinder was picturised on Rajesh Khanna & Jeetendra riding horse. Another Rafi-Asha duet from the film “Tera Naam Liya Dil Tham Liya” was picturised on Jeetendra & Sulakshana Pandit. The lyric of the songs was penned all time favourite lyricist Majrooh Sultanpuri. It was the last notable film of Naushad-Rafi matchless combination.

In fact, the much delayed film Love and God released in 1986 is the last film of Naushad-Rafi matchless permutation which was started with the film Pehle Aap in 1944.

Music Career:

Naushad Saheb was one of the top music directors of Hindi Cinema from 1942 until the late 1960s and composed music for 68 Hindi films. Rafi Saheb was the top playback singer of Hindi Cinema from 1948 to 1969 and then to 1980 in second rank after popularity and emerging of Kishore Kumar in early 1970s. He has sung over 26,000 songs in 11 Indian languages from 1944 to 1980. Rafi sang a total of 149 songs for Naushad in 41 films.

Additional Assignments:

Naushad Saheb had produced the films: Babul (1950), Uran Khatola (1955) and Malik (1958) and he had also written the story of the film Palki (1967). He also composed the music for all these films. Rafi Saheb forcefully acted in films like Laila-Majnu, Jugnu and Samaj Ko Badal Daloo in small roles in 1950s. He was hit paired with Lata Mangeshkar as a playback singer.

Award and Recognitions:

In 1952, Naushad received the Filmfare Award for the Best Music Director. He was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1981 for his lifetime contribution to Indian Cinema. He also got the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1992. Naushad was a guest of honor at the premiere, when a colorized version of K. Asif ’s historical classic Mughal-E-Azam was released in 2004.

In 1948, Rafi received a silver medal from the Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, on the first anniversary of the Indian Independence Day. In 1965, the Government of India with the Padmashri Award honoured him. He also won the National Film Award two times and Filmfare Award six times for Best Male Playback Singer.

Last works:

The last film that Naushad Saheb composed music for was director Akbar Khan’s Taj Mahal: An Eternal Love Story, which was released in 2005. He passed away on May 5, 2006 in Mumbai due to cardiac arrest.

On Thursday, July 31,1980, Laxmikant-Pyarelal recorded Rafi’s last song “Shaam Phir Kyun Udaas Hai Dost, Tu Kahi Aas Paas Hai Dost” for Dharmendra-Hema Malini starred film Aas Paas. After recording of the song, Rafi asked L-P if he could leave for home and L-P were shocked because Rafi would be the last person to leave for home. On the same day, Rafi Saheb died at 10.50 p.m. due to massive heart attack.

In the golden days of HFM, Naushad Saheb used to study each and every portion of his tunes meticulously, if he were not satisfied with even one word, he would ask the lyricist to write the whole line. Usually he takes a fortnight to compose a single song and often could compose music for just two films a year. In his words, “In my 65 years in the film industry, I composed music for 68 films. These days you come across people who have done the music 200 films in two years. What I’m saying is that, we used to agonize over every tune and phrase in music, spend sleepless nights over a song, and work on it until it was perfected. And I am still looking for perfection.”

Now both the legends are not amongst us, but the marvelous compositions and vocals of them will never die away from this Earth. They will Immortal as a major force in Hindi Cinema and music world.

Mohammad Rafi is a genuine sparkler in India’s crown and people already considered him “Bharat Ka Ratna”. Maharashtra Government has also agreed in principle to award him the Bharat Ratna and it is prayed to the Government of India to confer the country’s highest civilian award on him, which he so truly deserves. Hope, the Government of India agrees to this earnest appeal and announces him to be the Bharat Ratna.

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16 Blog Comments to “Naushad Ali and Mohd. Rafi: A musical relationship”

  1. Nitin Joshi says:

    Rafisaheb and Naushad saheb wonderful job that we can’t forget till our life . That’s why we are in music line.

  2. T.G. Venkatnarayanan says:

    With simple but effective musical instruments, Naushadji made Hindi cine songs evergreen. Needless to emphasise that it was because of his music dipped in the sweet and melodious voices of Mohd. Rafi, Talat Mehmood, G.M. Durrani, Mukesh, Suraiya, Umadevi, Lataji and Ashaji they are liked even today! Not to talk of those songs sung by Zohrabai and Amirbai for earlier films like Ratan etc. There was no doubt a divine touch in his music particularly in films like Ratan, Anmol Ghadi, Dard, Dillagi, Babul, Baiju Bawra, Deedar, Uran Khatola to mention a few of his box office films. Sweetest melodies are those of the saddest thoughts and today when we look back to the years that have gone by, the mind yearns for living once again in that golden age. This writer had the unique opportunity of interviewing him in early 1990s and true to his music he was an epitome of simplicity with shayari and music in his conversation.

  3. AHAMED KUTTY says:

    Dear Bhiman Saab,
    Very informative and well studied article indeed.
    I think there are two mistakes in this article and
    let me take a chance to correct the film
    “mere mehaboob” the songs you mentioned is one song.
    “aaj purkath ka kwaab……Tumse izhaar e haal kar baite.”

    another mistake is rafi saab won three national awards
    and not two.

  4. Khaja Aliuddin,MD says:

    Janab Biman Baruah Sahab,
    Bahut Khoob, superb writing on both Hindustani film industry legends.
    As Naushad Sahab proclaims…
    ” Tu hi tha pyar ka sagar/ Nafrat ki is duniya mein/ Ghanimat thi teri awaz/ Nafrat ki is duniya mein”.

    A very famous poet from Chicago, Janab Yousuf Quadri ne Naushad Ali sahab ke baare me kya khoob likha hai, samaath farmaiye.
    “Classiki music ka azeem musiqhar Naushad Ali”

    Roshan is eteraaf se har musiqhar hai
    Naushad Ali ka ooncha bahut hi viqar hai
    Duniyaae musuqhi me hain “Sur” yun to beshumar
    In sab pe misl saaya yeh sangeet kar hai
    Naushad khubroo bhi hain aur khush sifath bhi
    Is wasthe hi inka har ek jaannisar hai
    Jo naghma inki dhun se mila”surkhroo” hua
    Barson purana geet bhi ek yaadgar hai
    Naushad waqhfiyat na thi tujhko ke tu hai kya
    Yousuf ne khud bataya tera kya viqhar hai

    An ardent fan of Rafi, Shakeel and Naushad,
    Dr. Khaja Aliuddin,

  5. Binu Nair says:

    At one recording of taskmaster Naushad Ali saaheb, lata mangeshkar fainted after the opening lines.
    but, to her credit, she regained consciousness and sang the whole song without a break and completed it.

    naushad ali saaheb rehearsed a song minimum for two months and that’s why they are solid gold.

  6. kn kumar says:

    Good informative article Mr Biman Baruah and many thanks. This article adds to the many that have already been discussed about the association of these two great personalities. Naushad Sahab was one of the greatest music directors who was able to capture the ethos and the soul of Bharat. He widely used Indian musical instruments.He helped establish Rafi Sahab and the two complemented each other in bringing out the greatness of each other No words are enough to praise them because I feel that they both were a gift from God to humanity.
    I just want to point out two sentences in your article where you have erred. You have said that both of them are now forgotten. I don’t think that is correct.They are immortal and live in the hearts of all Indians and others and as long as Music exists in the world, Naushad Sahab and Rafi Sahab will be there at the top.
    You have said in another sentence – “In the words of India’s greatest playback singer Lata Mangeshkar…………” Lataji is no doubt a great singer and honoured with the Bharat Ratna. But ALL Rafi Sahab’s fans will agree that Lataji cannot be considered to be greater than Rafi Sahab. All Music Direct ors have testified to Rafi Sahab’s greatness as the BEST PLAY BACK SINGER INDIA HAS PRODUCED OR WILL EVER PRODUCE. The country has done an injustice in not recognizing Rafi Sahab with the Bharat Ratna.
    This is the small correction I want to bring to your kind notice. Otherwise good article and let us have more in future.

  7. mohan s.murdeshwar says:

    The article on Music Maestro Late Naushad Ali and Legendary Singer Late Mohd Rafi contributed by Mr.Bimal Baruah is worthy of high praise. He has assiduously chronicled the close relationship and high mutual respect both of them had for each other. Naushad Sahab has been truly a Jewel in the Crown of the Music Industry with some outstanding tunes composed by him during his long stint and his classical based tunes are simply breath-taking !! Rafi Sahab’s golden voice only helped to embellish the tunes to make each one an IMMORTAL CLASSIC for all times across generations. There can be no better combination than this duo who churned out some of the evergreen compositions penned by another great lyricist Late Shakeel Badayuni which are unforgettable and will live forever till memory lasts. May their Souls rest in Eternal Peace !! I Salute all of them for making our lives so sweet and worth living !!

  8. Ravi says:

    Wonderful article Mr. Biman,

    But I would disagree to one point where it is mentioned Rafi was in 2nd rank.
    Needless to say Rafi always remained at the top maybe 72-75 where Kishor wave was there.(With due respects to Kishor Kumar a great singer) post that Rafi sahab came with a bang and his songs were chart busters till 80-81.

    I only pray Rafi sahab gets Bharat Ratna which he truly deserves.
    Thanks for bringing this great article

  9. Binu Nair says:

    Once Rafi saaheb reached aashiana naushad saahebs Bandra home when the composer was working in his music room.
    Mohd rafi refused to in and disturb the maestro. he sat on the sofa outside for a few hours in a straight pose – never relaxing on the sofa.
    When family members asked rafi saab to go inside, he refused : saying, naushaab saab must be making some tunes, and he should not be disturbed.

    and when naushad saab came out of the music room for a break, he saw rafi saab and took him inside.
    family members later told the maestro about rafi saab sitting outside the music room for a considerable time.

  10. amina says:

    several times in writeups, mention is made that Naushad used to prefer Talat’s voice- How can this be a fact,when Talat sang for Naushad in Babul only in the early days and then much later in a duet with Rafi in Aadmi- And for that also, Mahendra Kapoor replaced Talat on the insistence of Manoj Kumar who was not happy that Talat was used for him.
    In an interview, Naushad once said that after Suhani raat dhal chuki.there could not be another singer for him.

  11. binu nair says:

    Great Details Biman ji….

    some clarifications:composer Ravi’s “Chaudvin ka chaand” and shankar-jaikishan’s “dil apna, preet paraye” were released in the same year.
    both were great hits. the award for best music went to : D.A. A.P.paraye…

    this movie, directed by kishore sahu and produced by Kamal Amrohi was a money spinner which was duly ploughed back to make and buy historic the kamal amrohi studiows at andheri east. soon, it will be gone to the commercial needs of its owners and builders.
    mohd rafi saab recorded his last few lines of “tu kahin aas paas hai – three days before his demise probably on july 28th. he had told l p that the full song culd be recorded in the next few days – which never happened.

    a great write up…

  12. Nafisa says:

    “Do ghadi woh jo pass aa baithe” is a wonderful (Rafi- lata ) duet picturised on Bharat Bhushan and Madhubala, in the film, (The Gateway of India)
    It seems the music is by madan mohan.
    Here is a link to video of the song:

    Being reminded of such beutiful songs is one of the attraction for me to this site.

  13. ali says:

    Naushand and Mohd Rafi made for each other,Naushand is the man who show us the greatest singer ever born in Bollywood Mohd Rafi and Lata ji,Naushed ji was the first who did best use of them after that all other music director did,
    Mohd Rafi was at top from 1952 till today,who said that in 1970’s there was Kishore was at top,I dont agree with them boz that was game of media and the same happened to Big B,Media made Mr Big B from hero to zero but about mohd rafi they were not able to do anything…
    Sorry fan I dont mean that Kishore is not a good singer he is a great singer

  14. H.A.K. Walijah says:

    The Great Naushad Saab and his extraordinary compositions are timeless and matchless gems one need to store and listen to get roohani sukoon

    Ankhiyan Milake / Rattan
    Singer: Zohrabai Ambalawali, Music: Naushad, Lyrics: D.N.Madhok

    Yeh Zindagi Ke Mele / Mela
    Singer: Mohd. Rafi, Music: Naushad, Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni

    Aaja Meri Barbaad Mohabbat / Anmol Ghadi
    Singer: Noorjehan, Music: Naushad, Lyrics: Tanveer Naqvi

    Awaz De Kahan Hai / Anmol Ghadi
    Singers: Noorjehan & Surendra, Music: Naushad, Lyrics: Tanveer Naqvi

    Nirala Mohabbat Ka / Dillagi
    Singer: Suraiya, Music: Naushad, Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni

    Afsana Likh Rahi Hoon / Dard
    Singer: Uma Devi, Music: Naushad, Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni

    Chale Aaj Tum Jahan Se / Uran Khatola
    Singer: Mohd. Rafi, Music: Naushad, Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni

    Tu Ganga Ki Mauj / Baiju Bawra
    Singer: Mohd. Rafi & Lata ji, Music: Naushad, Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni

    O Gadiwale / Mother India
    Singers: Shamshad Begum & Mohd. Rafi, Music: Naushad, Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni

    Milte Hi Aankhen Dil Hua / Babul
    Singers: Talat Mahmood & Shamshad Begum, Music: Naushad

    Rum Jhum Barse / Rattan
    Singer: Zohrabai Ambalawali, Music: Naushad, Lyrics: D.N.Madhok

    Mil Ke Bichhad Gayeen Ankhiyan / Rattan
    Singer: Ameerbai Karnataki, Music: Naushad, Lyrics: D.N.Madhok

    Kahe Jiya Dole / Anokhi Ada
    Singer: Uma Devi, Music: Naushad, Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni

    Dil Wale / Natak
    Singer: Uma Devi, Music: Naushad, Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni

    Suhani Raat / Dulari
    Singer: Mohd. Rafi, Music: Naushad, Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni

  15. Man Mouji says:

    Please note Naushad Saab comment, it is worthy to note as concerns perfection of an artist

    “In my 62 years in the film industry, I composed music for 66 films. These days, you come across people who have done the music 200 films in two years. What I’m saying is that, we used to agonise over every tune and phrase in music, spend sleepless nights over a song, and work on it until it was perfected. And I am still looking for perfection.”

    The best example is when pyar kiya to darna was composed, Naushad saab and Shakeel Sahab spent whole night to get it perfect, Shakeel saab wrote and rewrote that one hundred times till it was perfect, the perfection of the song you can hear in the voice of Lata ji.. pyar kiya to darna kya. what an accomplishment.

  16. Hussein Sheikh says:

    Rafi Saheb and Naushad Saheb were made for each other… and both are remembered till now… people will never forget them….

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