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3-G: Great Lyrics, Grand Music and Golden Voice in Indian Cinema

This article is written by a passionate Rafi Fan Sri Biman Baruah and information shared by Sri Binu Nair, Founder, Rafi Foundation, Mumbai.

3G Great Lyrics, Grand Music and Golden Voice in Indian Cinema

Meherbban Likhoon, Haseena Likhoon, Ya Dilruba Likhoon
Hairaan Hoon Ki Aap Ko, Ish Khat Mein Kiya Likhoon……..
Yeh Mera Prem Patra Padhkar Kar, Ke Tum Naraaz Na Hoona
Ke Tum Meri Zindegi Ho, Ke Tum Meri Bandegi Ho…………….. 2

Tujhe Main Chand Kehta Tha, Magar Us Main Bhi Daag Hain… 2
Tujhe Suraj Main Kehta Tha, Magar Us Main Bhi Aag Hain… 2
Tujhe Baas Itna Hi Kehta Hoon, Ki Mujkoo Tum Se Pyar Hai
Tum Se Pyar Hai, Tum Se Pyar Hai………..
Yeh Mera Prem Patra Padhkar Kar Ke Tum Naraaz Na Hoona
Ke Tum Meri Zindegi Ho, Ke Tum Meri Bandegi Ho…………….
Tujhe Ganga Main Samjhoonga, Tujhe Jamuna Main Samjhoonga…. 2
Tu Dil Ke Paas Hai Itni , Tujhe Apna Main Samjhoonga…. 2
Agar Mar Jaoon Rooh Bhatkegee, Tere Intezaar Mein
Tere Intezaar Mein, Tere Intezaar Mein………..
Yeh Mera Prem Patra Padhkar Kar, Ke Tum Naraaz Na Hoona
Ke Tum Meri Zindegi Ho, Ke Tum Meri Bandegi Ho…………….

Perhaps it was the primary poetry lines written by great lyricist Hasrat Jaipuri at the early age of 20 and there was a real life episode for this beautiful poetry. Young Hasrat Sahab fell in love with a neighbouring Hindu girl named Radha and he sent a love letter to her with above famous lines. Twenty years later, showman Raj Kapoor immortalised these lines using for a song in a love triangle film SANGAM (1964) and the song was filmed on Rajendra Kumar and Vyjayanthimala. Fortunately, the character played by Vyjayanthimala in the film also named as Radha. Hasrat Sahab was always a die-hard romantic who remarked “Love should not be categorised by Religion and Castes”. Later age, he said in an interview that “Love knows no Mazhab or Dharam, it is not at all necessary that a Muslim boy must fall in love only with a Muslim girl. My love was silent, but I wrote a poem for her, “Yeh Mera Prem Patra Padhkar, Ke Tum Naaraaz Na Hona.” And that ‘letter’ may never have been delivered to Radha, but later on Raj Kapoor deliver it to the world as the perennial mantra for lovers of all generations in his SANGAM(1964).

The song was very beautifully composed by grand due composers Shanker-Jaikishan and sung by golden voice Mohammed Rafi with end “Allaps” by Lata Mangeshkar. There are number of real life incidents that inspired Hasrat Sahab to write lyrics on the spot. For instance, when his first son was born and on his first glimpse he said “Teri Pyari Pyari Surat Ko Kisiki Nazar Na Lage, Chashm-E-Baddoor”. Later these lines have been extended to a Shanker-Jaikishan tune in film SASURAL (1961), for which Mohammed Rafi won his 2nd Filmfare Best Male Playback Singer Award. In mid 1960s, once Hasarat Sahab and Jaikishan Sahab visited Paris and were sitting in a nightclub. A cabaret dancer dressed with glittering stars came to them and left, Hasarat Sahab narrated a line on the spot, “Badan Pe Sitare Lapete Hue, O Jaan-E-Tamanna Kidhar Ja Rahi Ho, Zaraa Paas Aao To Chain Aa Jaae. Jaikishan Sahab also tuned the line on the spot which was used in film PRINCE (1969) also sung by Mohammed Rafi which became a fashionable Shammi Kapoor song. There are hundreds of such songs which Hasrat Sahab had written on the spot with real life happenings.     

Movie Posters of Sasural, Sangam and Prince

Hasrat Sahab was born as Iqbal Hussain on 15th April, 1922 in Jaipur, Rajasthan. Later he got his penname Hasrat and Jaipuri was added for his home town Jaipur like his other fellow lyricist Shakeel Badayuni, Sahir Ludhiyanvi, Majrooh Sultanpuri, Qamar Jalalabadi, etc. In those days, there was a general trend for poets or writers to adopt surname of their own home towns. He studied English till medium level in Jaipur and acquired knowledge of Urdu & Persian from his grandfather Fida Hussain Fida who was a poet. At the young age, Hasrat Saheb picked up the lyrical band from his grandfather and started to write romantic lines by seeing beautiful girls. In late 1940, young Hasarat Saheb came to Bombay looking for work. He had done number of irregular jobs until he got a job of Bus Conductor in BEST (Bombay Electric Supply and Transport) with a monthly salary of Rs. 11. He used to write poetry by seeing young beautiful girls who get into his bus and he never asked for ticket to beautiful girls. Instead of issuing ticket to young girls, he handover them a small paper with some “romantic lines” narrating their prettiness. He was warned several times by BEST for his unusual behaviour to kick out from job. While working in BEST, he used to participate at mushairas and union get-togethers to speak publicly about his poetry. At a mushaira, theatre legend and actor Prithviraj Kapoor noticed Hasrat Jaipuri and recommended him to his son Raj Kapoor who was planning a love story film BARSAAT with new composer Shanker-Jaikishan, also looking for new lyricist.

Hasrat Jaipuri first met Raj Kapoor at the canteen of Royal Opera House where Prithviraj Kapoor used to stage his plays and Raj Kapoor signed him for BARSAAT. Hasrat Sahab wrote his first recorded song, “Jiya Beqaraar Hai, Chayee Bahar Hai, Aaja More Balma Tera Intezaar Hai”, a solo by Lata Mangeshkar. His second recorded song, “Chhod Gaye Balam Mujhe”, a duet by Mukesh and Lata Mangeshkar. The first song was composed by Shanker and second was composed by Jaikishan. In total, Hasarat Jaipuri penned six songs for film BARSAT, five solos and a duet. In R.K. Films, Shanker-Jaikishan used Hasarat Jaipuri and Shailendra simultaneously to write lyrics for songs. However, both the lyricist worked independently, Hasrat Sahab was better in Urdu and Shailendra Sahab was better in Hindi. Generally, Hasrat Sahab was best known for touching romantic songs tuned by Jaikishan and Shailendra Sahab was best known for light-hearted or theme songs tuned by Shanker.

The association of Hasrat Jaipuri with R. K. Films continued till MERA NAAM JOKER (1970) and KAL AAJ AUR KAAL (1971). After Jaikishan’s death in 1971 and due to failure of both films, Raj Kapoor changed his music team to Laxmikant-Pyarelal-Anand Bakshi-Vitthalbhai Patel in BOBBY (1973). Raj Kapoor called back Hasrat Sahab for PREM ROG (1982) which did not work due to someone’s recommendation for lyricist Amir Qazalbash to Raj Kapoor. However, Hasarat Sahab was back to R.K. Films with a hit song, “Sun Sahiba Sun, Pyar Ki Dhun” in RAM TERI GANGA MAILI (1985) tuned by Ravindra Jain and sung by Lata Mangeshkar. Raj Kapoor again called him for three songs for his last film HENNA, but after death Raj Kapoor, music director Ravindra Jain deliberately replace the songs with his own lyrics. It was a great disappointment to Hasarat Jaipuri in his last days. But he was very lucky to have married to a woman (Bilquis) who advised him to invest his earlier earnings in property, so he was getting regular incomes as rents to maintain his lifestyle in later days. He accepted the assignments which offered to him and never run after film producers, music directors and music companies for work.

Movie Posters of Barsaat, Mera Naam Joker and Ram Teri Ganga Maili

The association of Mohammed Rafi begins with lyricist Hasarat Jaipuri and composer Shanker-Jaikishan in film BARSAAT (1949) with song Zindagi Mein Hardam Rota Hi Raha”. It was Mohammed Rafi’s first song for Raj Kapoor in R.K. Films. This combinations also worked with other actors like Dev Anand (Love Marriage, Jab Pyar Kisi Se Hota Hai, Asli Naqli, Duniya, Pyar Mohabbat),    Rajendra Kumar (Sasural, Hamrahi, Dil Ek Mandir, Ayee Milan Ki Bela, Arzoo, Suraj, Jhuk Gaya, Aasman), Shammi Kapoor (Junglee, Professor, Raj Kumar, Janwaar, An Evening In Paris, Latt Saheb, Brahmachari, Prince, Tumse Accha Kaun Hai, Pagla Kahin Ka, Andaz), Sunil Dutt ( Gaban, Bhai Bhai ), Manoj Kumar (Gumnaam), Joy Mukherjee (Love In Tokyo), Biswajeet (April Fool), Shashi Kapoor (Naina), Jeetendra (Mere Huzoor) and Dharmendra ( Pyar Hi Pyar). All those films became great musical hits and enhanced the careers of the actors. The 90% of male solo songs written by Hasarat Jaipuri, sung by Mohammed Rafi, so Rafi Sahab was very fortunate. Moreover, out of six Filmfare Best Male Playback Singer Award won by Rafi Sahab, three songs: “Teri Pyaari Pyaari Surat Ko” from SASURAL, “Baharon Phool Barsao Mere Mehboob Aaya Hai” from SURAJ and “Dil Ke Jharoke Mein Tujko Bithakar” from BRAHMACHARI were written by Hasrat Jaipuri.

As a lyricist Hasarat Jaipuri got number of Awards and Recognitions in India and Abroad. He won two Filmfare Best Lyricist Award for songs: “Baharon Phool Barsao, Mere Mehboob Aaya Hai” from SURAJ (1966) and “Zindegi Ek Safar Hai Suhana, Yahan Kaal Kiya Hoga Kisne Jana” from ANDAZ (1971). Both the songs were composed by Shanker-Jaikishan. First song was sung by Mohammed Rafi for Rajendra Kumar and second song had two versions in the film. The happy version was sung by Kishore Kumar for Rajesh Khanna and sad version was sung by Mohammed Rafi for Shammi Kapoor. He got “Josh Malihabadi Award from an Urdu Conference and Dr. Ambedkar Award for a Brajbhasha song, “Jhanak Jhanak Tori Baaje Payaliya” from MERE HUZOOR (1968). He was awarded a doctorate by An American University in the World University Round Table. There were also number of letters of thanks and appreciation from across the globe. All these Awards and Certificates still dazzling a huge living room at GHAZAL VILLA in Juhu and will take half day to interpret by someone. Ghazal Villa is a nice white and welcoming house in Juhu for visitors where his son Akhtar Hasrat Jaipuri stayed with his wife Azra and son Aadil.

Hasarat Jaipuri was considered one of the simple and high-ranking song writers of Hindi Cinema. From BARSAAT (1949) to HATYA: THE MURDER (2004), he had written lyrics for more than 300 films with about 2000 recorded songs. He also had written screenplay for a film HULCHUL (1951). When his fellow lyricist Shailendra turned producer with TEESRI KASAM, he invited Jaipuri to write lyrics for the film which was a great honour to him. He had also written several books of poetry in Hindi and Urdu, out of which ABSHAAR-E-GHAZAL is notable one. As a lyricist, he was as active from 1949 to 1999 and passed way at the age of 77 on 17th September, 1999. On his death, Naushad Saheb remarked, “Hasratji was a good human being and Urdu poet. He was loved by one-and-all in the film industry and was one of the last pillars of the RK Studios.”

These 3Gs: Great Lyricist, Grand Composers and Golden Voice made a very high impact in Indian Cinema for three decades. They jointly contributed for making some flourishing films which enhanced careers of some great filmmakers or actors and engrossed millions of cine-goers. The song from PAGLA KAHIN KA (1970), “Tum Mujhe Yoon Bhula Na Paaoge, Jab Kabhi Bhi Sunoge Geet Mere, Sang Sang Tum Bhi Gun Gunaaoge” will immortalise the combination of Lyricist : Hasarat Jaipuri, Music Composers : Shanker-Jaikishan and Golden Voice : Mohammed Rafi.

As a great and down to earth human being Hasarat Sahab had similarities with Mohammed Rafi. Like Rafi Sahab, he had believed that the art or skill of writing of poetry cannot be learnt, it was God-gifted to him (Gift of Allah). Similarly, he never discriminated between big and small films and composers. He mainly worked with Shanker-Jaikishan, but do not have reservations to work with Bappi Lahiri and Jatin-Lalit in later stage.

List of hit Mohammed Rafi solos written by Hasrat Jaipuri and filmed on different Actors:

SL No. Year Film Song Music Actor
1 1961 Jab Pyar Kisi Se Hota Hai Teri Zulfon Se Judaee Tu Nahin Mangi Thi Shankar Jaikishan Dev Anand
2 1962 Asli Naqli Chheda Mera Dil Ne Tarana Tere Pyar Ka Shankar Jaikishan Dev Anand
3 1963 Tere Ghar Ke Samne Dil Ka Bhanwar Kare Pukar, Pyar Ke Raag Suno Re S.D. Burman Dev Anand
4 1968 Duniya Falsafa Pyar Ka Tum Kya Jano, Tumne Kabhi Pyar Na Kiya Shankar Jaikishan Dev Anand
5 1964 Aayee Milan Ki Bela  Tum Kamsin Ho Kamsin Ho, Nadaan Ho Shankar Jaikishan Rajendra Kumar
6 1965 Arzoo Aye Phoolon Ki Raani Baharoon Ki Malka Shankar Jaikishan Rajendra Kumar
7 1966 Sural Chehere Pe Giri Zulfen Kehdo Tu Utha Do Main Shankar Jaikishan Rajendra Kumar
8 1968 Jhuk Gaya Aasman Kaun Hai Jo Sapnon Mein Aaya Shankar Jaikishan Rajendra Kumar
9 1961 Junglee Ehsaan Tera Hoga Mujh Par Shankar Jaikishan Shammi Kapoor
10 1962 Professor Aye Gul Badan Aye Gulbadan Shankar Jaikishan Shammi Kapoor
11 1964 Rajkumar Is Rang Badalti Duniya Mein Insaan Ki Niyaat Thik Nahin Hai Shankar Jaikishan Shammi Kapoor
12 1969 Tumse Accha Kaun Hai Janam Janam Ke Saath Nibhane Ko Shankar Jaikishan Shammi Kapoor
13 1966 Gaban Ehshan Mere Dil Pe Tuhmare Hain Dostoon, Yeh Dil Tuhmare Pyar Ka Shankar Jaikishan Sunil Dutt
14 1970 Bhai-Bhai Mere Mehbbob Tere Dam Se Bahar Aaye Shankar Jaikishan Sunil Dutt
15 1965 Gumnaam Ek Ladki Hai Jisne Jina Muskil Kar Diya Shankar Jaikishan Manoj Kumar
16 1964 Ziddi Teri Surat Se Nahin Milti Kisi Ki Surat S. D. Burman Joy Mukherjee
17 1966 Love In Tokyo Aaja Re Aa Jara Lehrake Aa Jara Shankar Jaikishan Joy Mukherjee
18 1964 April Fool Meri Mohabbat Paak Mohabbat Aur Jahan Ki Shankar Jaikishan Biswajeet
19 1972 Shararat Dil Ne Pyar Kiya Hai Ek Bewafa Se Ganesh  Biswajeet
20 1968 Mere Huzoor Rukh Se Zara Naqab Utha Do Mere Huzoor Shankar Jaikishan Jeetendra
21 1969 Pyar Hi Pyar Main Kahin Kavi Na Ban Jaoon Shankar Jaikishan Dharmendra
22 1973 Naina Hum Ko Tu Jaan Se Pyaari Shankar Jaikishan Shashi  Kapoor

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17 Blog Comments to “3-G: Great Lyrics, Grand Music and Golden Voice in Indian Cinema”

  1. ghawas says:

    Nice articale very informative,
    Keep going & keep it up.
    All the best.
    Lahore, pakistan.

  2. shammi says:

    A great article and I totally agree with both the greats Mohd Rafi and Hasrat jaipur that these talents cannot be learnt and that they are god given. To prove the point we have such a large population of people in India and yet we can’t find one person who comes close to any of these legends. Thank you for listing the combination of songs by the duo and I can easily say there are a lot of my all time greats amongst the list.

  3. A very fine write up on Hasrat – Shankar Jaikishan combination.

    There are some people in the world who are born to become great
    in the company of other men who all team up together in the pursuanc
    of their goal.

    The team of Shankar – Jaikishan (one born and brought up in Guajarat
    and the other born in South – met at Bombay and became a house hold name
    in the world of Hindi cinema. Same way Hasrat and Sailendra came together
    in the RK Banner and these team of 4 great men formed a team that shook the Hindi music world by giving so many fine songs. A majority of them were sung by that great singer called Mohammad Rafi.

    Rafi was born to become a singer and he became a great singer but still lives in our heart.

  4. D.R.Rao says:

    i have read so many comments about rafi sahib.If i start writing about him,i can not stop myself and will continue to write hours together,even after writing hours together i will miss something.I am a greatest fan of the god of music world(rafi sab).
    so i conclude by saying he is the ultimate in the world,no body can reach to his level in this yug.

    Rafisab amar rahe and pray to god to send him to this barren earth of music,so that there will not be barren of music further.

  5. Anonymous says:

    i have read so many comments about rafi sahib.If i start writing about him,i can not stop myself and will continue to write hours together,even after writing hours together i will miss something.I am a greatest fan of the god of music world(rafi sab).
    so i conclude by saying he is the ultimate in the world,no body can reach to his level in this yug.

    Rafisab amar rahe and pray to god to send him to this barren earth of music,so that there will not be barren of music further.

  6. Manoj kapade says:

    I have read the beautiful article containing rare information. Thanks so much.

  7. P. Haldar says:

    Biman babu,

    Khub bhalo likhe chhen. As I entered the site, the prelude of the song you’ve described started playing. Jai composed this song in Sivranjani, the same raag he had used a year or two earlier for “Baharon phool barsao”, but set it at a faster pace.

    This is ultimately Hasrat’s love letter. He had written this song with his neighbour Radha in mind. He had fallen in love with her but the girl’s parents didn’t allow them to get married. Hasrat is one of the most romantic poets to have graced Hindi film music.

    Jai Hasrat, Jai Kishan.

    P. Haldar

  8. KishoreFanatic says:

    If anyone claims Rafi to be a technically better singer than Kishore. And by technically, I mean his control over sur and taal in all 3 registers (mandra, madhya, and taar). I’m saying that that is not true and cannot be proven. We are not arguing here about what kind of songs defined which singer. We are looking at their overall technical ability, in terms of voice control, range, modulation, expression, versatility, flexibility. And while each had their own strengths, they were very close overall. Music is, to a large extent, subjective. However, it’s basic premises – sur, taal – have to be met first. I have seen the ridiculous comments being posted here. It seems like some people here would go to any extent to make Rafi look good and most of it is just wrong. Why do I care? I believe that for a person should have access to a fair and neutral perspective on all subject matter. As an example, if an enthusiast who has just started researching Hindi film music were to visit this site, he/she might end up taking home a completely bloated view of Rafi. He was great just like many other singers all over the world, but not “superhuman” as many people here claim. Your notions of Indian classical/semi-classical, range, head/chest voice, “universal” voice, “true” voice, etc. are so strange, I guess most singers other than Rafi have just wasted their time singing.

  9. Dr.Khaja Aliuddin says:

    Bahut khoob, beautiful narration on these icons of Indian cinema.
    Congratulations for this comprehensive write up.

    Dr. Khaja Aliuddin

  10. u.k.achan says:

    An extremely nice compilation by an obvious intense Rafi Fan…there are hardly any casual fans;all of us adore Rafi Saab. From “hum tum yeh bahar” and “baazi kisi ne pyar ki” for Raj Kapur,”yeh duniya usiki” and thousands of others for Shammi Kapur,”main yahan ajnabi hoon for Shashi Kapur,
    “yeh dawa duniya ko dikhane ki khatir” for Rishi Kapur,not forgetting “apna rukhsar(ek nanhi munni ladki thi),Rafi Saab has sung for literally three generations.
    Recently I came Across a 1970 forgotten song “tum ne bhi dil diya tha khabhi”from (Rocky mera Naam)..superb is not the word.

  11. Ali says:

    today we miss people like them..

  12. K.P.Hassan says:

    A very nice article on the life of great lyricist Hasrat Jaipuri Sahab. Expect more such interesting articles on the life of our great artists of golden era, in future also.

    Best wishes to Binuji and Bimanji for their efforts to bring out this write up very beautifully.

  13. Hasrat sahab was a genious and such genious born once in a thousand year.
    Jai ho hasrat sahab, Jai ho rafi sahab and jai ho shankar jaikishan sahab.
    Regards, Birendra Singh Bisht


  15. Toqueer Udaipurwala says:

    Very informative about Poet Hasrat Jaipuri. More such information are welcome to share with people like us who are late to born in Golden Era.

  16. bimanbaruah says:

    Binu Ji
    Thanks for sharing another real life incident. Once Hasarat Sahab remarked, If there is no real feeling or pain, true depth is impossible. Nowadays all are artificial, so there is no good GEET or SANGEET.

    So, today there is no everlasting song or film.

    Thanks & Regards
    Biman Baruah

  17. Binu Nair says:

    Biman JI…

    Hasrats human qualiies were Great…

    Like Rafi Saaheb, he was open to meeting any one of his fans – his son Akhtar Jaipuri told me. More, Hasrat saaheb had to live on the foot path of Opera House near Roxy Cinema for some time before he got breaks in BEST as a Conductor. Rest is History they say as he penned few lines when his fellow foot path friend – A COOLIE DIED on the foot path in his sleep.

    No one from the Public would help remove the Coolies body even though the Coolie lifted Baggages of all and Sundry. Hasrat saaheb penned the Lines : Majdoor Ki Laash . And Prithviraj Kapoor happened to read it and recommended Hasrat to Raj Kapoor who was Planning Barsaat.

    More, when Hasrat ji used to arrive in the morning from R K studios after late night work, his wife would be on the tarmac – waiting for him without she having her dinner.

    This inspired him to write for her a Poem : ” Gham Uthane Ke Liye Mai Toh Jiye Jaaongaaa ” which was taken for Mere Huzoor on Jeetendra .

    Hasrat bhai used to tell his sons : Never Under Estimate A Person. Allah kab kisi par reham karegaa yeh Koyee Keh Nahi Sakhta.

    Truly a great natural and Romantic Writer.

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