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Story and Songs (Made for each other)

This article is written by Mr. Anmol Singh

Mohd Rafi

Mohd Rafi

Going back in time in the 1950s & 60s the story line in majority films was very powerful, which needed equally strong power of expression in poetry and songs. Therefore great film scripts and great songs were indeed “Made for Each Other” in the Golden Era. There are innumerable examples contributed by all singers and song writers. We will consider a few gems sung by Rafi Saab which are landmark in the world of music.  


To start with film “Baiju Bawaraa” had all classics sung by Lata & Rafi. But two incredible scores sung by Rafi, “O Duniya Ke Rakhwale” and “Mann Tadpat Hari Darshan” are truly remarkable. The film story line will have no appeal without these two gems. The initial song portrays the devotion of an individual for the Almighty, whereas the latter portrays the devotion of a student towards the “Guru” who guides him to the Almighty. 1947 saw the Indian Independence from the British Rule for over two centuries. This independence came at the cost of several lives of freedom fighters. After independence in no time their sacrifices were forgotten and corrupt people with materialistic attitudes dominated the scene. This was best described through films like “Pyaasa” & “Kaagaz Ke Phool”.

The songs like “Jinhe Naaz Hai Hind Par“; “Yeh Mahloon Ye Takton” & “Dekhi Zamaane Ki Yaari” are all time classics sung by Rafi Sahab with perfect expression of the corrupt system. The film story line of both the films will have no meaning without these classics. Full marks to S D Burman and Sahir for the unforgettable work. As we move ahead there is another classic “Dhool Ka Phool” where a song is sung for an orphan child whose faith is unknown. Yes it is the number “Tu Hindu Banega Ya Musalmaan Banega” where Rafi Sahab delivers the perfect emotions for Sahir’s poetry. The film would completely loose it appeal without this great number.

In the era of 60s also many films which are considered all time classics were produced. We start with Mughal-e-Azam. Salim refuses to compromise with his love and is ready to sacrifice his life for it, which is best expressed through the song “Zindabad Ae Mohaabat Zindabad“. Rafi Sahab once again does full justice to this great composition by Naushad. Possibly one of most difficult numbers rendered by Rafi by continuously singing at a very high scale.

If we talk about the film “Meri Surat Teri Aankheen” based on an ugly character, which represents an all together different concept of film-making. The story line is such that this ugly character who has a fabulous voice, needs to be brought to the limelight. Asha Parekh plays the vital role in doing so. The song “Naache Mann Mora Magan” picturized on Ashok Kumar who plays the ugly character on stage is simply mind-blowing. S D Burman choices none other then Rafi Sahab to defeat the ugly image on screen. Perhaps Rafi is the only singer who can provide a face lift to such an extend that the world would never have any hatred towards ugly people.

Mohd Rafi

Mohd Rafi

Let’s talk about another classic from the 60s, “Guide”. Though all the songs were fabulous, but “Din Dhal Jaaye” and “Kya Se Kya Ho Gayaa” are something special. Both are slow solos sung by Rafi Sahab with great depth and sensitivity. Dev and Rafi synchronization in both songs is excellent. Without these two solos the story line would certainly appear incomplete. The soldiers who guard our borders staying away from family for several months together also have feelings and sorrows for missing their loved ones. The scene is very well described in yet another all time classic “Haqeekat”. Their emotions are expressed through the song “Hoke Majboor Mujhe Usne“. Rafi along with contemporaries Manna Dey, Talat and Bhupindar deliver an all time classic under Madan Mohan. With out this song the film would be purely based on guns and mortars. Perhaps this song provides a soft touch to the intense story line.

Referring to another war classic “Hum Dono” has one more in creditable score delivered by Rafi Sahab; “Main Zindagi Ka Saath“. The song has a very deep link with the story line, where an unemployed youth (played by Dev Anand) has no aim in life; decides to join the army and later looks back to his past. Dev Anand plays the casual carefree Captain and Rafi Sahab matches Dev’s body language perfectly, especially by singing the line “Har Phikra Ko Dunye Mein Udaa Ta Challa Gayaa“.

Going back in history India has been invaded by western invaders from centuries. History recalls the Alexander’s (Sikander) invasion of India. After conquering several countries in the west, his army enters India. The introduction of India is very well described and picturized by the song “Jahaan Daal Daal Par Sone Ki” from the film “Sikander – E- Azam”. Without this song the film would simply have no appeal at all.

As we move ahead in the 70s, the era did not see many classic films as that from the 50s and 60s, but there were quiet a few films which had a perfect amalgamation of good songs and good scripts. To start with we discuss the song from “Haathi Mere Saathi” based on animal cruelty. “Nafrat Ki Duniya” is an all time classic which will be applicable in every era as long as animal cruelty continues in this world. There is a beautiful line in the song which explains that when an animal kills a human being we call it a devil; but when it is the vise versa we all remain silent. With the reduction of jungles along with wild animals at an alarming rate from the earth for building exotic apartments and malls in the present times shows indeed we are all blind in terms animal cruelty.

Moving ahead there is another film “Inkaar” which is thriller cum family drama representing good and bad times through which a family goes through. This is best described by the song “Dil Ki Kali Yu Hi Sadaa Khilti Rahe“. There are happy and sad versions of the song, which has a deep influence across the entire story line of the film. Just imagine the film without this song.

Talking about the film “Dostana” which has two great songs “Bane Chahe Dushamn” and “Mere Dost Kissa“. Both the songs have a great impact on the story line highlighting the inseparable bond between two friends. The first song which is a Rafi/Kishore duet represents the good times and the latter which is a Sad song sung by Rafi represents the sad moment of life when both do not see each other eye to eye. This is very well described by the line “Qayamat Se Kam Ye Ghum Nahi; Ki Tu Aur Mein Reh Gaye Hum Nahi“.

To end the topic the success of a film is very much dependent when the songs and the story line have a deep link with each other as if they are “Made for Each Other”. This is what makes such fabulous work unforgettable.

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9 Blog Comments to “Story and Songs (Made for each other)”

  1. Anmol Singh says:

    I do agree with Mohd Parvez Sahab that “Dosti” should have been included in this article. All the songs are fabulous. Not a single song can be removed from the film.

    Similarly a great point highlighted by Shri A S Murthy Ji by mentionly about the film “Khilona”. The song “Khilona Jaan Kar Tum To Mera Dil Tod Jaate ho” acts as the central part of the film amd defining the character played by Sanjeev Kumar the best. Without this song certainly the film would be totally incomplete. Of course the another song “Khoosh Rahe To Sadaa” is also great.

    Of course the movie “Ghazal” is also great one of Madan Mohan’s finest work.

  2. Narayan says:

    Well done Anmol another Anmol Gem of an Idea from you…
    Yes there are many songs of Rafi sahab which make the film hit only on the basis of them

  3. biman baruah says:

    Respested Anmol Singh Ji

    nice to read a very good article with a great n “anmol” topic. in the golden era of HF, the story-songs link played a very vital role in the success of the films. In these category i think Rajshi’s DOSTI is the best example which was a musical hit and the famous rafi songs are evergreen. The other films where Rafi Saheb lent his voice for title songs or other songs, and the songs played an important role in the storyline of the film are : Mela, Jagriti, Naya Daur, Waqt, Shahed, Aakhen, Hindustan Ki Kasam, Ganga Teri Pani Amrit, Desh Premee, etc. please keep it up your write-up

    with best wishes
    biman baruah
    sivasagar, assam.

    respected binu nair ji

    best wishes for your planning of get-to-gether of hard core rafi lovers in mumbai. but when it will be ? i will also planning to visit Mumbai from 27/02/09 to 04/02/09. if it is in this period i can also attend. let me confirm pl.

    with warm regards to all rafi lovers
    biman baruah

  4. binu nair says:

    Anmol ji : Rafi saaheb’s songs are as fresh as they were, sixty, fifty and forty years before . the songs gave a new life to the movies. they are countless in numbers.
    there are movies which i remember which had no credible story line. yet the movies sailed to be silver jubilee hits just on the strength of mohd rafi songs. dharma starring navin nischal, pran, rekha is one movie which come to my mind.
    good piece. keet it up.


    There are many hard core Mohd Rafi lovers in Mumbai. we are a planning a get to gether of hard-core rafi fans shortly in Mumbai.

    Kindly get in touch .

    Binu Nair, Rafi Foundation, Mumbai : cell : 9833 250 701


  5. musharraf says:

    Very nice article. However, there is another superb song of Rafi Saab in the film “Guide” which is worth mentioning. “Tere mere sapne ab ek hi rang hai”. This is highly romantic song which Devanand was singing to Waheeda Rahman. In my eyes this is the best song of Rafi saab in that film.

  6. A S MURTY says:

    nice article anmolsinghji. there are many more films where the songs of rafi sahab provide much more insight into their storyline. for e.g. from the film “khilona” the title song ‘khilona jankar tumto mera dil tod jate ho’ or the more tragic song ‘khush rahe tu sada yeh dua hai meri’ depict so much more about the central character in the film – that of sanjeev kumar as an insane person but with abundance of emotions and feelings. along with the dialogues, musical score and the songs themselves, it was the perfect rendition by the peers like rafi sahab and others of that golden era that made thousands of these movies immortal. “geet” had the golden melodies ‘mere mitwa mere meet re aaja tujhko pukare mere geet re’ and from the film “goonj uthi shehnai” we have not only the ‘kehdo koi na kare yahan pyar’ but also the enchanting duet ‘teri shehnai bole’. if you take the example of the classic movie “ghazal” we have three very hanting melodies of urdu poetry (1) rang aur noor ki barat kise pesh karun”, (2) ishq ki garmiye jazbaat kise pesh karun” (both by rafi sahab) and (3) ‘nagma ‘o’ sher ki saugat kise pesh karun (by lata mangeshkar). Film “Shehnai” had the evergreen “kya ajab saaz hai yeh shehnai” and the film “Waqt” had the title song ‘waqt se din aur raat, waqt se kal aur aaj”. all these songs were an integral part of the storyline and had a unbeatable combination of finest poetry, classic composition and the accomplished singing by the greatest singer of all times – rafi sahab. thanks for the article which will provide more and more comments from the very knowledgeable rafi fans.

  7. mohamedparvez says:

    dear anmol singh thanx for nice article about connection between story & songs i would like to mention about film:dosti songs from the film very much connected with story if u take any songs from film :dosti every songs connected with story of film , i would like to inform about the blog with around 80 pages full of rafisaabs pictures & videos kinndly visit this blog

  8. Dr. Khaja Aliuddin says:

    Anmol Singh Sahib,
    As usual an excellant article on a unique topic.
    With regards to all Rafi lovers,
    Long live Rafi Sahab,
    Dr. Khaja Aliuddin

  9. unknow says:

    Great work Sir but I think there few more films in 1970’s

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