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Patriotic Rafi

This article is written by Mr. Biman Baruah, Assam.

Jahan Daal Daal Par…………………..
Sone Ki Chidiya Karati Hai Basera………….
Woh Bharat Desh Hai Mera…………….

Mohd Rafi

Mohd Rafi

It was a one of the best patriotic song of Hindi Film Music. Rafi Saheb in his golden voice wonderfully describes the unique and prosperous natural, cultural, social characteristics of our country in the song from Kedar Kapoor’s SIKANDAR-E-AZAM (1965), composed by Hansraj Bhel in the great lyrics of Qamar Jalalabadi and the song was picturised on Prem Nath and Prem Chopra.

Patriotic songs express natural love and affections for one’s country, culture and homeland. Hindi Film and Hindi Film Music have played an important role in encouraging the feelings of nationalism among the citizens of the country. Patriotism and Hindi Film Music have merged together in countless melodies. The songs united all Indians in patriotic commitment even though the multiplicity. As secular country INDIA is best known in the world for its patriotism or national integration and where the great patriotic leaders like Maha Manab Mahatma Gandhi, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Netaji Subash Chandra Bose, Lokmanya Tilak, Bhagat Singh, etc. were born who scarified their life for freedom of the country.

Mohd Rafi

Mohd Rafi

In 1948, Rafi Saheb was distinguished for the singing the song “Suno Suno Aye Duniya Waaloon Bapuji Ki Amar Kahini” after premature demise of Mahtma Gandhi  written by Rajendra Krishan and composed by Husanlal Bhagatram. In the same year, Rafi Saheb got a silver medal from Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru on the Indian Independence Day. Mohammed Rafi  lent his golden voice for most of the inspiring patriotic songs of Hindi Film Music in the films like Jagriti (1954), Naya Daur(1957), Phool Bane Angaare (1963), Haqeeqat(1964), Leader(1964), Shahed(1965), Aakhen(1968), Lalkaar(1972), Hindustan Ki Kasam(1973), Badla Aur Balidan(1980) and Desh Premee(1981).

Shashadhar Mukherjee’s JAGRITI (The Awakening), written and directed by Satyen Bose is still remembered for its patriotic songs composed by Hemant Kumar in the lyrics of Pradeep. The Rafi number from the film, “Hum Laaye Hain Toofan Se Kashti Nikaal Ke, Is Desh Ko Rakhna Meri Bachoo Sambhal Ke” is a very cultured advice from a teacher played by Abhi Bhatacharjee to his students to became model citizens. The film won the Filmfare Best Movie Award in 1956 and Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award to Abhi Bhatacharjee.

B.R. Chopra’s golden jubilee hit, NAYA DAUR had “Yeh Desh Hai Veer Jawanon Ka” by Rafi & Balbir picturised on Dilip Kumar & Ajit describing the heroic talent of our Army and People. Another duet from the film, by Rafi-Asha “Saathi Haath Badhana, Ek Akela Thak Jayee Tu Milkar Booj Uthana” is a well idea of joint effort for our labour force for development of Nation and the Country.

The Hindi-Urdu war film HAQEEQAT based on the 1962 Sino-Indian war, written & directed by Chetan Anand had became indistinguishable with patriotism in India because of notable Mohammed Rafi song “Kaar Chalee Hum Fida Jaan-O-Taan Saathiyon, Ab Tumhare Hawale Watan Saathiyon” composed by Madan Mohan in the lyrics of Kaifi Azmi. The film won the National Award for Second Best Feature Film in 1965.

The Rafi gems from Suraj Prakash’s PHOOL BANE ANGAARE, “Watan Pe Jo Fida Hoga Amar Wo Naujawaan Hoga, Rehegi Jab Talak Duniyaa Yeh Afsana Bayaan Hoga” depicts the immortality of soldiers who scarified their life for the country in the battle. The song was beautifully composed by Kalyanji-Anandji in the lyrics of Anand Bakshi which was picturised on Raaj Kumar.

Apni Azadi Ko Hum Hargis Mita Sakte Nahin” from LEADER sung by Rafi Saheb under composition of Naushad beautifully portrays the daring and fearless endeavour of our freedom fighters. The song was picturised on thespian Dilip Kumar.

The songs from the film SHAHEED, “Aye Watan Aye Watan Humko Teri Kasam” & “O Mera Rang De Basanti Chola” picturised on Manoj Kumar and “Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna Ab Hamare Dil Mein Hai” & “Pagadi Sambhal Jatha” picturised on Prem Chopra & Anand Kumar respectively are the Rafi Saheb’s genuine salute to the freedom fighters of the country who scarified their life for motherland. The film was a debut of composer Prem Dhawan which was too first film to win three National Awards.

Aaj Ga Lo Mushkuraloo Mehfilee Sazaloo, Kiya Jane Kaal Koi Saathi Sooth Jayee, Jeevan Ke Door Badi Kamjoor, Kiskoo Khabar Hai Kaha Tut Jayee” by Rafi & Chorus from Ramanand Sagar’s LALKAAR picturised in a defence party which portrays the uncertainty of life of defence people in particular and they may lost their live at any point of time defending the country from enemy.

Chetan Anand’s another war film describing the Indian Air Force’s role in 1971 Indo Pak War, HINDUSTAN KI KASAM starts and ends with the title song “Hindustan Ki Kasam, Na Jukhengee Saar Watan Ke, Haar Jawan Ki Kasam” sung by Mohd. Rafi & Manna Dey. The song composed by Madan Mohan speak well of our defence system. Another title song from Ramanand Sagar’s AAKHEN “Us Mulk Ki Sarhaad Ko Koi Chu Nahin Sakta, Jis Mulk Ki Sarhad Ki Nigebaan Hai Aakhen” sung by Rafi Saheb portrays rigid defence organism of India. Both the title song was played in the background of the film.

The Rafi song from Swarn Singh Kanwar’s BADLA AUR BALIDAN “Meri Laash Ki Mitti Kharab Na Hoo, Ise Aake Thikanee Laga Dena” is an indirect appeal of our freedom fighters to the defence people to save the soil and nation from the adversary. The song was composed by Sonik Omi and it was picturised on Rajendra Kumar.

Above all the last and superb number of this category, sung by our beloved Rafi Saheb is from Manmohan Desai’s Desh Premee:-

Nafarat Ki Lathi Tadoo………….
Lalas Ki Khanjar Phakoo…………
Zidd Ke Pechee Mat Dauroo…….
Mere Desh Premiyo Apas Mein Prem Kare Desh Premiyo…………..

The song was picturised on Mega Star Amitabh Bachchan in a plot of communal harmony among four communities: Punjabi, Gujrati, Bengali and Muslim lived in a sub-urban area. The roles of four communal leaders are played by Shammi Kapoor (Punjabi), Premnath (Gujrati), Uttam Kumar (Bengali) and Parikhit Sahani (Muslim).

Mahendra Kapoor, the first ever singer inspired by Mohammed Rafi, is famous for rendering of the most of patriotic songs picturised on the actor Manoj Kumar for which the actor felicitated the title of Mr. Bharat or Bharat Kumar and his brand of patriotism started from Shaheed with voice of Rafi. His most famous patriotic song was “Meri Desh Ki Dharti, Sona Ugle , Ugle Heere Moti” picturised on Manoj Kumar in the film UPKAAR for which the singer won the National Film Award in 1968 for Best Male Playback Singer and Second Best Feature Film Award to director Manoj Kumar . His other notable patriotic songs are: “Na Moonh Chhupa Ke Jiyo” from HUMRAAZ, “Bharat Ka Rehnewala Hoon” from PURAB AUR PASCHIM, “Woh Kaun Hai Jo Maa Ki Tarah Booj Uthayee Palkoo Mein Bethayee, Yehi Dharti Yehi Dharti” from GAANWAR, “Aandhi Aaye Ki Toofan Koyee Gam Nahin” from SAAT HINDUSTANI, “Aur Nahin Bas Aur Nahin” from ROTI KAPADA AUR MAKAAN and “Ab Ke Baras Tujhe Dharti Ke Rani” & “Kranti Kranti” from KRANTI.

Mohd Rafi with Jaikishan

Mohd Rafi with Jaikishan

Honthon Pe Sachchai Rehti Hain, Jaha Dil Mein Safai Rehi Hain” from JIS DESH MEIN GANGA BEHTI HAI and “Chodo Kaal Ki Baatein, Kaal Ki Baat Purani, Hum Hindusthani” from HUM HINDUSTANI are the remarkable patriotic songs sung by Mukesh Chand Mathur. His light popular number from SREE 420, “Mera Joota Hai Japani, Yeh Patlung Englishthani, Saar Pe Laal Toopi Ruchi, Phir Bhi Dil Hai Hindusthani” had also feelings of patriotism.

The JAGRITI number “Aao Bachhon Tumhen Dikhaaye” by lyricist cum singer Pradeep, “Insaf Ki Dagar Pe” from GANGA JAMUNA by Hemant Kumar, “Aye Mere Pyare Watan” from KABULIWALLA & “Taqat Watan Ki Humse Hai” from PREM PUJARI by Manna Dey, “Nanna Munna Rahi Hoon, Desh Ka Sipahi Hoon” from SON OF INDIA by Shanti Mathur, “De Di Hamein Azadi Bina Khadak Bina Dhaal” from JAGRITI by Asha Bhonsle, “Dekho Veer Jawano Apne Khoon Pe” from AAKRAMAN by Kishore Kumar, “Sare Jahan Se Achchha” from BADI BEHAN by Lata Mangeshkar are also notable patriotic songs of Hindi Film Music. “Vande Matram” and “Ai Mere Watan Ke Logon” sung by Lata Mangeshkar are famous non-film patriotic songs.

From mid 1980s, the subject of patriotism or national integration became out of fashion from Hindi Film and Hindi Film Music. However, the film makers like J.P. Dutta, Subhash Ghai continues to make films on the subject of patriotism by taking risk of commercial failure.”Dil Diya Hai Jaan Bhi Dengee, Aye Watan Tere Liye” sung by Mohd. Aziz & Kavita Krishnamurty from Ghai’s KARMA (1986), was became undying. “Sandse Aate Hain, Hume Tarpate Hain” from Dutta’s BORDER (1997) is the last remarkable & popular patriotic song of Hindi Film Music, sung by Sonu Nigam & Roopkumar Rathod under compositions of Annu Malik in the lyrics of Javed Akhther.

The milestone patriotic songs of Mohammed Rafi and Mahendra Kapoor are being everlasting, still very popular in All India Radio and National TV Channels and also have the sense of hearing in all the corners of the country during the Independence Day, Republic Day and any other public functions. The songs facilitate in inspiring the pure feelings of nationalism or national integration whenever we hear them.

Mr. Biman Baruah

Mr. Biman Baruah, Assam

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24 Blog Comments to “Patriotic Rafi”

  1. AUBDOOLLAH ABDOOL LATIFF says:

    A DEDICATED AND DEVOTED FANKAAR KALAKAR AND GOOLUKAR

    THE DEATH OF OUR BELOVED RAFI SAHAB IS A GREAT LOSS TO MUSIC IN GENERAL AND AT LARGE. HE IS IMMITABLE AND IRREPLACABLE

    VERY HUMAN AND GOD FEARED PERSON

  2. a.k.pant says:

    watan ki rah par watan ke nao jawan saheed ho is wonderfully a great patriotic song by none other than Rafi sahab ! A.K.PANT

  3. Rohit S says:

    Someone has put up this song.. you must see
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n4xjFbusXtM

  4. pmc thangal says:

    dear bimanji,i appreciate you for ur great work .the song ..shaheedo tumko mera salam..is also a fine patriotic song sung by mohd rafi under the baton of great shyam sunder in the filim bazar.the tragic and ear soothig golden voice of rafi is still echoing in this air.similarly there are 4 gems patriotic songs can be heard in the filim vir saheed bhagat singh sung by rafi and md husnlal bhagat ram.

  5. mohamedparvez says:

    dear friends i would like to mention about the song from film:haqeeqat track is hoke majboor mujhe usne bhulaya hoga in this song you can listen 4 great voices singers are rafisaab-talat mahmood saab-mannadeyji bhupenderji lyrics:kaifiazmisaab music:madanmohanji kindly watch this song kindly cick this link for this song

    http://rafifanblog.blogspot.com/2009/03/hoke-majboor-mujhe-haqeeqat-rafisaab.html

  6. Ashok says:

    Dear Biman,

    Nice research and content on the patriotic songs of Rafi songs.
    Your earlier articles on Amitabh Bachhan and Dev Sahab were also very in-depth and informative.

    Yours is a great effort to share your thoughts and views on Rafi Sahab…amongs our Rafi ‘s dedicated followers.

    Would like to get in touch with you and share from me….

    Best Regards,

    Ashok… from Bombay

  7. hi bimanji, ur articlle is interesting one. in my memory two more patriotic songs came into light.1 filim lambe hath md gs kohali 2 thu hi meri zindagi .this is the title song with english music .

  8. Great article Bimanji,

    Rafisahab not only had sung countless number of patriotic songs but also inspired a new generation of singers towards patriotic songs.

    For example Mahendra Kapoor was highly influenced by Rafi in songs like “mere desh ki dharti”, “rang de basanti chola”, etc.

    Souvik Chatterji.

  9. m.a.piroe says:

    I totally agree with mr. Binu Nair ji In music there is no Deen-o-Dharam. People have to remember this.
    God Bless you mr. Nair
    Regards
    A.Piroe

  10. Khushboo hoon main phool nahi hoon jo murjhaoonga
    jab jab mausam lahraega …main aajaoonga.
    meri soorat koi nahi hai chehra mera chehra hai
    bheega saawan,soona aangan har aaina mera hai
    jab jab kali khilegi koi ‘Main’ muskaoonga,,,main aajaoonga

    Main ek maamooli sa insaan hoon na bahut zyada jaanta hoon na bahut badi badi baatein karta hoon haan itna zaroor maanta hoon ke

    “insaan wohi insaan hai ke har daur mein jisne
    dekha hai haqeeqat ko haqeeqat ki nazar se”

    Na jaane unlogon ki zehniyat kaisi hai aur zameer kaisa hai jo kabhi do fankaron ke darmiyan comparison ki lakeer kahinchne ki koshish karte hain, kabhi fankaaron ko mazhab aur dharam ke naam pe baantne ki aur jhukaane ki koshish karte hain, woh yeh kyun nahi sochte ke fankaari kisi ki meeras nahi aur kisi khaas mazhab ki peerokaar nahi. Jahan tak music ki baat hai to is ki taseer ki gawahi to fizaa, hawa, phool, shaakh, parinde,charinde sabhi dete hain, kya woh kisi hindu ko sunte hain ya muslim ko???
    Humlog faraakhdili ke saath fankaar ki fankaari ka eteraaf kyun nahi karte??
    Rahi RAFI saheb ki baat to main phir arz karoon ga ke woh ‘incomparable’ hain,’lazawaal ‘ hain, agar Rafi saaheb jaisi salahiyat kisi KUMAR, KHANNA, YA SINGH mein hoti to kya hum uski salahiyaton ko nahi maante???
    kitna achha ho ke hum apni soch ki sateh se zara ooper aakar baat karen.
    Music religion,faith, caste, creed, rang aur nasal se bahut ooper hain, isay kaheench kar neeche laane walon ke haat shull to hosakte hain lekin is koshish se NA TO MUSIC KO FARQ PADEGA AUR NA HI AAWAZ KI DUNIYA KE US NAKHUDA KO FARQ PADEGA JISKA NAAM ‘MOHD RAFI’ HAI.

    jab bhi meri yaad sataye,geet sunate rehna
    mere geet sahara dengay,inko gaate rehna
    main andekha tara bankar raah dikhaoonga
    main aajaoonga………………………….

    Yeh alfaaz Rafi saheb ki aasmani aawaz mein sangeet mein dhal kar hamaray dilon tak aaye…. ab koi bataye ke in alfaaz mein religion aur faith ki zanjeeren kahan hain????
    Unke patriotic geeton mein unka jazba , unki watan parasti , unka watan ke jawano aur awaam ko mukhaatib karne ka saleeqa to dikhta hai, mazhab kahan dikhta hai???? chahay woh
    Apni AAzadi ko hum…… ho ya
    Watan pe jo fida hoga ….. ya
    Ai mere ladlo utho himmat se kaam lo…. ya
    Ab koi gulshan na ujde ab watan azad hai …..ya
    Kar chalay hum fida …… ho ya in jaise aur bhi bahut saare naghme.

    Hypocratic logon se guzaarish hai ke do rukhi policy bund karen, aur music geet aur sangeet ko hindu muslim ke rang mein na dekhen. agar apne zehan-o-dil ko khol kar koi mazhab ke aaine mein bhi baat karna chahay to main samajhta hoon ke unlogo ko jawab dene ke liye hamaare bhai BINU NAIR, NARAYANAN, ANMOL SINGH AUR UMESH MAKHIJA JI JAISE LOG BAHUT KAAFI HAIN.
    JAWAID NASEEM
    09836540639

  11. sagar atre says:

    Hi this is again one more rafi sahab’s fan from pune. yes the seventh sense of human beings which keep alive the sense of human being. there is no doubt that there is and will be no one like rafi sahab. we are planning for a musical show ofcourse of rafi sahab. and the subject is Dev Anand. it will be performance based on both artists only. lets show a value of a perfect singer to the world again.

  12. binu nair says:

    Music Lovers : In Music there is no Dharam. Music has “No” religion since music itself is a religion. it also do not have “regions”. and in my opinions its the seventh sense of human beings.

    Hence, please do no bring in the hindu, muslim and other religious theories to further your viewpoints.

    actually, there could be only two class of people. one the music lover and second the music hater. aurangazeb fits in to the latter category along with few others.

    binus, rafi foundation, mumbai…. binus2000@hotmail.com

  13. Nagesh Sidhanti says:

    Dear Biman ji,

    Outstanding write up. I am having gooseflesh reading your post. You have given a most comprehensive coverage on Patriotic songs of Rafi, hitherto seen by me.

    I just experience a romaanchan when I hear the first line ‘ Kar chale hum fida’ and feel like standing up and saluting the armed forces, such is the powerful expression of the song.

    Sarfaroshi Ki tamanna ab hamaare dil main hai…… I take a bow. And to you Mr. Biman, a big dhanyobod for a memorable article.

    shukriya and Jai Hind

    Nagesh Sidhanti

  14. narayanan says:

    Well done Bimmanbhai…..
    Every indian Citizen Should hear Rafi sahab’s patrotic songs which are truly inspirational…
    Keep up the good work

  15. Imran Rustam says:

    Good Work….

    A great quality of Rafi Sb of singing patriotic songs is discussed in this article. Such songs are important in the histories of countries and Rafi Sb gave his full devotion to make them immortal.

    Great Rafi Sb….

    Regards,

    -Imran-

  16. Dr. Khaja Aliuddin says:

    Congratulations Janab biman baruah saheb for this splendid writing.
    Post #1 – There are two patriotic songs of Rafi sahab in the movie “Johar in Kashmir”
    1) Be gunahon ka lahoo
    2) Jannath ki hai tasveer
    I have these two songs on CD. Please e-mail me your mailing address, I will send this CD by post asap.My e-mail address is: HolyfamilyDr@aol.com
    With regards,
    Long live rafi sahab,
    Dr. Khaja Aliuddin

  17. Raju Korti says:

    It is jarring to see the great and veteran Hansraj Behl being misspelt as Hansraj Bhel. We should avoid such glaring goof ups

  18. Rashid Diwan says:

    Congratulations Mr. Biman Baruah on your research and excellent article on Rafi sahab’s patriotic songs, only if people learn from the wonderful lyrics and the feelings that go in these songs. Keep up the good work I enjoy everything written about Rafi Sahab.

  19. Anmol Singh says:

    Biman Baruah Ji,

    Very well written article on Pariotic songs. A few more can be added. There are two songs prior to Indian Independence when India was ruled by the British.

    – Door Hato E Duniya Walon, Hindustan Hamara Hai (The song is written by Kavi Pradeep. It is believed that Kavi Pradeep had to go underground for writing such a song.)

    – Watan Ki Rah Mein Watan Ke Nau Jawan Shahid Ho (Composed by Ghulam Hyder who later migrated to Pakistan)

    Few more……

    – Mat Ro Maa (This song is from “Bandini” sung by Manna Dey for a situation where a freedom fighter is being hanged).

    – Apni Maa Behnon Ko (This song is from “Baalika Badhu” sung for Rafi where freedom fighers are opposing the use of British goods)

    The song “Taqat Watan Ki Humse Hai” is a Rafi Manna Dey duet. A gem of a composition by S D Burman.

  20. kprem says:

    in a songs rafi sahab sung that ” main kab gata mere sur main, piyar kisi ka gata hay”. All songs which sung Rafi Sahab beyond his LOVE.

    I LOVE to Rafi Sahab

    Kprem Somro
    Pakistan

  21. shashi bhushan says:

    great article.Its very comprehensive.we have to note that, some of greatest patriotic songs are written and sung by muslims.we may say, its their contribution to indian integration.
    shashi

  22. ashish kapoor says:

    dear bimaan ji, wonderful write-up on patriotic songs of rafi sahab.
    another song that comes to my mind is from the old “shaheed” of dilip kumar.
    it is “watan ki raah mei watan ke naujawaan shaheed ho”.
    the way in which rafi sahab could express the true feelings of a patriot,can-not be expressed by any other singer.
    another non-filmy number by rafi sahab is “ek hai apni zameen ,ek hai apna watan, ek hai apna jahaan, ek hai apna chaman. apne sabhi sukh ek hain, apne sabhi dukh ek hain, aawaaz do, aawaaz do hum ek nhain”.
    ashish kapoor , (vice president), rafi foundation memorial society, (regd),delhi. tel no- 09810087414, 09212587414, ashkpr@hotmail.com

  23. A S MURTY says:

    Bimanji many congratulations on writing this wonderful article. Although long back a similar article had appeared on these pages on the same topic, it is still refreshing to read the write up. good work.

  24. unknow says:

    Great Job sir Biman Baruah,
    I don’t know why people not remmber the best Mohd Rafi Patriotic song in film Johar in Kashmir
    http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0231828/
    I looking for this song from long time but i am not able to get it

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