Mohammed Rafi and Amitabh Bachchan
Rafi Saheb sang for the â€œSuperstar of the Millenniumâ€.
The article is compiled by Mr. Biman Baruah, M.Com from Gauhati University, Guwahati and MBA (Finance) from IGNOU, New Delhi working as a AF&AO in ONGC, Sivasagar, Assam.
Mere Desh Premiyo â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦
Apas Mein Prem Karo Desh Premiyoâ€¦â€¦â€¦
Nafarat Ki Lathi Tadoo
Lalas Ki Khanjar Phakoo
Zidd Ke Pechee Mat Dauroo
Tum Prem Ke Panchi Hoo
Mohammed Rafi Saheb sang the above thoughtful song for Amitabh Bachchan in the film Desh Premee, was directed by Monmohan Desai, who was one of the great humanists of Hindi Cinema. The song has a message of social hope, peace and communal harmony.
In early1970s, with the emergence and popularity of Kishore Kumar, Rafi Sahebâ€™s career suffered a major setback. At that time, renowned producer and director Monmohan Desai, a great fan of Rafi Saheb, patronize Rafi and used his golden voice for his films to playback for Amitabh Bachchan (Suhag, Naseeb, Desh Premee), Biswajeet (Shararat), Dharmendra (Chacha Bhatija, Dharam Veer), Shatrughan Singha (Raampur Ka Lakshman), Vinod Khanna (Parvarish) and Rishi Kapoor (Amar Akbar Anthony, Naseeb) under musical score by Laxmikant-Pyarelal for all these films. Desai had used the voice of Rafi to playback for Biswajeet in the song â€œDil Ne Pyar Kiya Hai Ek Bewaafa Seâ€ from Shararat (1972), Shatrughan Singha in the song â€œPyar Ka Samay Kaam Hai Jahaâ€ by Rafi-Kishore-Lata from Raampur Ka Lakshman (1972), Vinod Khanna for the song â€œHam Premi Prem Karna Jaaneâ€ by Rafi-Kishore-Shailendra from Parvarish (1977), Dharmendra for the song â€œKoi Mane Ya Na Maneâ€ by Rafi-Shailendra from Chacha Bhatija (1977), â€œO Mere Mehbooba Mehbooba Mehbooba Tujhe Jana Hai To Ja Tere Marzi Mera Kyaâ€, â€œAray Maine Tujhko Chaha Ye Meri Meherbani Main Galiyon Ka Raja Tu Mehlon Ki Raniâ€ and â€œSaat Ajube Iss Duniya Mein Athuien Apni Jodiâ€ by Rafi-Mukesh from Dharam Veer (1977), Rishi Kapoor for the song â€œPardah Hai Pardahâ€, â€œShirdiwale Saibabaâ€ and â€œHumko Ho Gaya Hai Pyarâ€ (by Rafi-Mukesh-Kishor-Lata) from Amar Akbar Anthony(1977), â€œChal Mere Bhaiâ€ by Rafi-Amitabh-Rishi from Naseeb(1981). Out of which, â€œPardah Hai Pardahâ€ was a super hit qawwali sung by Rafi Saheb, which was nominated for Filmfare Award in 1977. Desai has also used the voice of Rafi in his initial films: Bluff Master (1963) and Budtameez (1966) to playback for Shammi Kapoor under musical score by Kalyanji-Anandji and Shankar-Jaikishan respectively. Mohammed Rafi gave his voice mainly for Shammi Kapoor in Hindi films. There is a single example of Rafi singing for another artist in a Shammi Kapoor song. In the song â€œHum Premee Prem Karna Jaaneâ€ from Parvarish (1977), voice of Shailendra Singh used to playback for Shammi Kapoor, Rafi for Vinod Khanna and Kishore for Amitabh Bachachan under musical score by Laxmikant-Pyarelal and lyrics by Majrooh Sultanpuri. Monmohan Desai was working on four multi-starred films simultaneously and managed to make box office successes all of them (Amar Akbar Anthony, Parvarish, Dharam Veer and Chacha Bhatija all in 1977). He had a unique working relationship with Amitabh Bachchan like Prakash Mehra, Hrishikesh Mukherjee and Yash Chopra. Late Monmohan Desai did nine films with Amitabh: Amar Akbar Anthony, Parvarish, Suhaag, Naseeb, Desh Premee, Coolie, Mard, Ganga Jamuna Saraswati and Toofan (directed by his son Ketan Desai).
In 1970s, Kishore Kumar was recognized as the voice of aggressive angry young man Amitabh Bachachan after lovable romantic icon Rajesh Khanna and debonair Dev Anand. However, the versatile voice of Rafi has also been perfectly matched to playback for Amitabh. There are a small number of Rafi songs picturised on superstar Amitabh Bachchan, but the songs are very delightful and memorable. Amitabh made his film debut in 1969 in K A Abbasâ€™s Saat Hindustani in a small role followed by Anand (1970). He played the first lead role in Pyar Ki Kahani (1971) and followed by many unsuccessful films such as Parwaana, Sanjog, and Reshma Aur Shera (all in1971). In 1972 he had a semi-hit with Mehboob Productionâ€™s Bombay to Goa directed by S.Ramanathan. In 1973 director Prakash Mehra cast him in his film Zanjeer as a strict police officer, after refusal by actors like Dev Anand, Dharmendra and Raaj Kumar. It was his 13th film, which made history at box office making Amitabh a star with a popular title of â€œangry young manâ€ after Sunil Dutt. The unforgettable romantic Rafi-Lata duet from the film: â€œDewanee Hai Dewanoo Ko Na Ghar Sahiyee Mohabbat Bhari Ek Nazar Sahiyeeâ€ was picturised on unknown artists.
Modan Mohan first used the voice of Rafi to playback for romantic villain Amitabh in the film Parwaana in the song â€œYu Na Sharma Are Hansnewaleâ€ in sad version. Kishore sang the happy version of the song for hero Navin Nischal.
S.D.Burman used the Rafiâ€™s voice to playback for Amitabh in the popular romantic duet â€œTeri Bindiya Reâ€ with Lata in Hrishikesh Mukherjeeâ€™s Abhimaan (1973). Kishore Kumar sang the other songs of the film for Amitabh.
Rafi with Amitabh, Lakshmikant and Anand Bakshi
Laxmikant-Pyarelal has composed maximum Rafi songs for superstar Amitabh Bachchan. They composed the wonderful Rafi-Lata duet â€œPatta Patta Buta Buta Haal Hamara Jane Haiâ€ for B.R. Isharaâ€™s Ek-Nazar (1972). The song was picturised on Amitabh and Jaya Bhaduri and on the sets of the film their real life romance also started and they married soon. Monmohan Desaiâ€™s Suhaag was a cache of Rafi songs musical score by Laxmikant-Pyarelal and lyrics by Anand Bakshi. The songs from the film were: â€œAtthara Baras Ki Tu Hone Ko Aayee Re Kaun Poochega Saajan Kuch Karleâ€ â€ by Rafi-Lata, â€œO Sheronwaliâ€ by Rafi-Asha, â€œTeri Rab Ne Bana Di Jodiâ€ and â€œAe Yaar Sun Yaari Teri Mujhe Zindegi Se Pyari Haiâ€ by Rafi-Asha & Shailendra Singh. Rafi Saheb has sang â€œMere Dost Kissa Ye Kya Ho Gaya Suna Hai Ki Tu Bewafa Hoo Gayaâ€ so expressively for Amitabh in Yash Joharâ€™s Dostana and it was nominated for Filmfare in 1980. Another Rafi-Kishore duet â€œBane Chahe Dushman Zamana Hamara Salamat Rahe Dostana Hamaraâ€ from the film is also emotional. Laxmikantâ€“Pyarelal has also used matured voice of Rafi to playback for Amitabh in Desaiâ€™s Naseeb and Desh Premee. The song from Naseeb, â€œJhon Jani Nanardan Tara Ram Pam Pamâ€ was so popular and Monmohan Desai had set a gathering of number of artists from Raj Kapoor to Dharmendra and Randhir Kapoor in the second stanza of the song â€œYeh Filmoo Ke Sitaree Nikle Samak Ke Tare Yeh Sabka Dil Behlaye Mein Inka Dil Behlaooâ€. In the similar fashion, recently director Farah Khan also made a team up of 31 artists in the song â€œDeewangi Deewangiâ€ in Shahrukh Khanâ€™s home production Om Shanti Om. Farah Khan was keen about presence of evergreen Dev Anand in the song, but ungrateful Dev refused her stating that he never done any special appearance. Rafi Saheb was very happy in singing with Amitabh in Nasseb in the song â€œChal Mere Bhai Tera Haath Jorta Hoonâ€ and song was picturised on Amitabh and Rishi Kapoor,which is still unforgettable. Another song from film Nasseb was â€œRang Jamake Jayengeâ€ by Rafi-Kishore-Asha-Usha-Shailendra. The last Rafi song â€œMere Desh Premiyo Apas Mein Prem Karooâ€ picturised on Amitabh from his dual role film Desh Premee, which is very thoughtful.
Kalyanji-Anandji has composed polite romantic number â€œTumse Door Rahke Humne Maana Pyar Kiya Hai Dil Ne Jana Yaar Kiya Haiâ€ by Rafi-Lata in Narendra Bediâ€™s Adalat (1976), where Amitabh played his second double role after Bandhe Haath (1973). The song was picturised on Amitabh and Neetu Singh. Mukesh and Yesudas sang the other songs of the film. K-A has also composed the song â€œDekho Sapne Sajee Taan Jhoomee Re Jhoomee Maan Gayee Re Gayeeâ€ by Rafi, Arti Mukherji & Amit Kumar for Sultan Ahmedâ€™s Ganga Ki Saugandh and the song was picturised on Amitabh and Rehka.
Rajesh Roshan has composed the Rafi-Usha duet â€œOonchi Oonchi Baaton Se Kisika Pet Bharta Nahin Ram Ka Bharosa Jeenhe Kabhi Bhuka Marta Nahinâ€ for Rakesh Kumarâ€™s Mr. Natwarlal and the song was picturised on Amitabh and Rekha. The other song from the film sung by Rafi, Anuradha & Chorus was â€œQuyamat Haiâ€. In the film, Roshan used the voice of Amitabh for first time to playback for himself in the song â€œMere Pass Aayoo Mere Dostoo Ek Kissa Sunooâ€. Amitabhâ€™s other notable singing assignments were in Laawaries, Pukar, Silsila, Maahan, Toofan, Jadugaar and Khuda Gawah. Roshan has also composed the Rafiâ€™s â€œAre Re Aisa Tarana Jhoom Ke Gaon Sang Sang Duniya Jhoomeâ€ picturised on Amjad Khan for Amitabh starred Yaarana (1981), which absolutely surpassed â€œSara Zamanaâ€, â€œChhoo Kar Mere Maan Koâ€, â€œBhole O Bholeâ€ by Kishore Kumar for Amitabh and from Yaarana Amitabh was recognized as dancing hero.
R.D.Burman has composed â€œMile Jo Kadi Kadi Ek Zanjeer Bani Pyar Ki Rang Bhari Zinda Tasveer Baniâ€ by Rafi, Kishore & Asha in Rose Movieâ€™s Kasme Vaade. The other songs from the film â€œAati Rhengi Baharenâ€, â€œKasme Vaade Nibhayenge Humâ€ sung by Kishore and â€œKal Kya Hogaâ€ by panchamji himself. In G.P.Sippyâ€™s Shaan, R.D. Burman has composed â€œJanu Meri Jaanâ€ by Rafi-Kishore-Asha-Usha and â€œYamma Yammaâ€ by Rafi & R D. Another popular Rafi song from the film â€œNaam Abdul Hai Mera Sabki Khabar Rakhta Hoonâ€ was picturised on Mahzar Khan (Late husband of Zeenat Aman). R.D. Burman has also composed touching Rafi song â€œKaun Kisiko Bandh Saka Hai Chaiya Bhi Tu Ek Diwana Hai Tode Ke Pinjira Ek Na Ek Din Panchi Koo Udjana Haiâ€ for Amitabh starred Tinu Anandâ€™s Kaalia(1982), which was picturised on a least known comedian.
Amitabh had a guest appearance in Sunny Deol-Sanjay Dutt starred Krodh (1990) as a singer in the song â€œNa Fankaar Tujh Sa Tere Baad Aaya, Mohd Rafi Tu Bahut Yaad Aayaâ€ dedicated to Rafi Saheb. He is the only actor who accomplished at least one hit every year for 15 consecutive years from 1972 (Bombay to Goa ) to 1986 ( Aakhree Raasta ). He acted in more than 150 films with double role in 14 films and triple role in Mahaan. In 1999, he was named the â€œSuperstar of the Millenniumâ€ in a BBC online poll. Amitabh plays the role Preity Zintaâ€™s father in â€œHar Pallâ€ directed by internationally acclaimed filmmaker Jahnu Barua hails from Sivasagar, Assam. The shooting of the film is going on in Mumbai, Kolkata and Shillong.
The following are the ten popular Rafi songs picturized on Amitabh Bachchan :-
|1||Patta Patta Buta Buta Haal Hamara||1972||Ek Nazar||Laxmikant Pyarelal||Majrooh Sultapuri|
|2||Teri Bindiya Re||1973||Abhimaan||S.D.Burman||Majrooh Sultapuri|
|3||Tumse Door Rahke||1976||Adalat||Kalyanji Anandji||Gulshan
|4||Mile Jo Kadi Kadi Ek Zanjeer Bani||1978||Kasme Vaade||R.D.Burman||Gulshan
|5||Dekho Sapne Sajee||1978||Ganga Ki Saugandh||Kalyanji Anandji||Anjaan|
|6||Oonchi Oonchi Baaton Se||1979||Mr. Natwarlal||Rajesh Roshan||Anand
|7||Atthara Baras Ki Tu Hone Ko Aayee Re Kaun Poochega||1979||Suhaag||Laxmikant Pyarelal||Anand
|8||Mere Dost Kissa Ye Kya Ho Gaya||1980||Dostana||Laxmikant Pyarelal||Anand
|9||John Jani Janardan Tara Ram Pam Pam||1981||Naseeb||Laxmikant Pyarelal||Anand
|10||Mere Desh Premiyo Apas Mein Prem Karoo||1982||Desh Premee||Laxmikant Pyarelal||Anand
If Rafi Saheb had survived for a longer period of time, composers like Kalyanji Anandji, Laxmikant-Pyarelal, R.D.Burman and Rajesh Roshon would have got more opportunities to use his versatile voice for Mega Star Amitabh Bachchan. Monmohan Desai had also patronized him more.
The following is the most popular Rafi-Asha duet picturised on Amitabh Bachchan and Rekha playing â€œDandiaâ€ from the film Suhag which is being heard regularly in all corners of the country during the festive seasons like Navaratri, Durga Puja, Kali Puja, etc and the pair (Amitabh and Rekha) is one of the most recognized successful pair of Indian Silver Screen, who paired in more than half dozen films together ( Do Anjanee, Mr. Natwarlal, Moqadaar Ka Sikandar, Suhag, Ganga Ki Saugandh, Kasme Wade and Sisila ).
Kaal Ke Panjee Se Maata Bachaoo Jai Maa Ash Bhawaniâ€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦..
Hai Naam Re Sabse Bara Tera Naam O Sheronwali Onchee Sheronwali
Bigree Banadee Mere Kaam, Naam Reâ€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦..
Mr. Biman Baruah, the author of this article