Maestro SDBurman, Evergreen Dev Anand & All Time Great Rafi Sahab & Hidden Truths
By Vijay Bavdekar
In one Musical programme Burmanda honoured Rafi as “All Time Great“. It was always said that Kishore was Burmanda’s first choice for Dev Anand, also it is an open truth that Burmanda had a special feeling for Kishore, rather Kishore was his weak point, and so he created special tunes for him which were picturised on Dev Anand. Though Kishore was projected as Dev’s voice, in my opinion facts are somewhat different. So without prejudice, let us have a flashback.
Burmanda — Dev Ananad–Kishore combination–Few examples are as below.
Kishore,who started career from “Ziddi” (M D Khemchand Prakash-1948), sang for Dev under Burmanda’s music for the first time in 1951 and the song was- “Dil ye kya cheej hai” (Baazi), and thereafter he continued upto 60-70 deacade just as…”De bhi chuke hum dil nazrana” (with Geeta Dutt-Jaal) “Dukhi man mere“,”Aye meri topi palat ke aa“and “Wo dekhen to unki inayat“-with Asha-(Fantoosh), “Jeevan ke safar me raahi” (Munimjee) ,”Mana janabne pukara nahi“,”Hay hay hay ye nigahen” & “Jamana kya kahega“-with Asha,”(Paying Guest) Hum hai raahi Pyaarke” & “Aankhome kya jee“-with Asha, “(Nau do gyarah),”Oonche sur me gaye jaa“-(House no.44) “Khwaab ho tum ya“,”Are yaar meri“–with Asha, “Likha hai teri aankhonme” & “oof kitni thandi hai meri” -both with Lata (All from Teen Deviyan),”Gata rahe mera dil“-with Lata (Guide),”Ye dil na hota bechara” & “Aasman ke neeche“-with Lata-(Jewel Thief) ,”Phoolonke rangse” (Prem Pujari) and lastly “Dil aaj shayar hai gum aaj nagma hai“-(gambler).
No doubt these songs were great hits once upon a time, but I feel, they lack some variety and exact vocal expressions which Dev Anand shew on his chocolate face.You will find this, with something more in SD–DEV–RAFI–melodious & more romantic combination.”Haath kangan ko aarsi kya,” think over the songlist below.
“Thummak thummak chali kahan“(Ek ke Baad Ek), and more songs form this film,”Chale gaye hum bekhudime” & “Achhaji mai haari chalo maan jaao na“-with Asha-(Kala Pani) “Khoya Khoya chaand “,”Apni to har aah ek toofan hai” & “Rimzim ke Tarane leke aayi Barsaat“-with Asha (All from Kala Bazaar), “Diwana mastana hua dil“-with Asha, & “Saathi na koi manzil” (Both from Bambai ka babu),”O aaja panchhi akela hai“, “Kalike roopme chali ho dhoopme” – (Both from Nau do gyarah),”Dilka bhanwar kare pukar“,”tu kahan ye bata“,”sunle tu dilki sada” & “Dekho rootha na karo” (All from Tere gharke saamne),”Aise to na dekho” & “kahin bekhayaal ho kar” (both from Teen Deviyan),”Kyaa se kyaa ho gaya“,”tere mere sapne ab ek rang hai” & “Din dhal jaye haye“All from Guide), “Chupkese mile pyaase pyaase “-with Geeta Dutt and “mera man tera pyaasa” from gambler (last song of Rafi for Dev and SD).
If you carefully watch the videos of above songs, you will find that the lips movement and expressions given on face by Dev Anand, perfectly matches the Rafi’s throw of words.It is an established truth that Rafi had a peerless skill to twist his voice according to the Hero, so he did perfectly for Dev Anand also emerging Dev’s image more romantic. Burmanda once agreed that he tried Talat, Manna Dey and Hemant Kumar for Dev Anand, but Rafi was perfect match for Dev Anand. So the statement “Rafi was second choice of Burmanda” looks hard to digest.
Friends, if you look back to the Golden Era of Hindi film music, you will find that other music directors kept Kishore away & preferred Rafi for Dev Anand. Let us have a few examples. Rafi sang for Dev Anand (One year before than Kishore ) “Sawan ki gahatao dheere dheere aana” Aage Badho with Khursheed–Sudhir Phadake-1947) and continued from 50-51 to 60-70 decade as below.
Husnalal Bhagatram- “Chhotasa fasana hai tere mere pyaarka” (with Lata –Birha ki Raat) & “O sanam, sanam sanam (Rafi-Sureiya-Film Sanam) , & more films. C.Ramchandra-”Dekh hame aawaaj na dena” (Rafi-Asha–Amardeep),”Duniya kya hai” (Sarhad) and more films. Chic Chocolete-”Aisa kya kusur kiya“(Rafi-Lata –Naadan) OPNayyar–”Aankho hi aankhonme“(Rafi –Geeta-CID),”Raat sard sard hai”(Jali note,–All rafi songs of this film are enchanting), Salil Chaudhari – Koi soneke dilwala (Maya), Shankar Jaikishan- teri julfonse judaai to nahi (Jab pyar kisisse hota hai)-”Dheere dheere chal“(Rafi-Lata-Love Marriage), “Aap naraz khuda khair karen”(Pyar Muhabbat)and more films, Jaidev-”Mai zindagika saath” and more (Hum dono), MadanMohan-”Sawan ke mahineme ek aagsi seeneme”and classic ”Mujhe le chalo aaj phir us galime” -(Sharabi) etc. etc.
One interesting thing is that Rafi was Burmanda’s first choice for other Heros, e.g.”Duniya me meri aaj andhera hi andhera” (Do Bhai-Rajan Haksar-1947-Rafi’s first song for Burmanda) “,”Mujhe preet nagariya jana hai“(Ek nazar with lata-Actors- Rehman-Nalini Jaywant-1951),”Panghatpe dekho bhai aayi milan ki bela-( Naujawan-With Geeta Dutt-for Premnath-Nalini Jaywant) ,thereafter, “Ye duniya agar mil bhee jaye to kya hai“, “Sar jo tera chakraye” (Pyasa-Gurudatt–Johny Walker & “Dekhi Jamaneki yaari” (Kagaz ke phool) “Badla jamana baba“- (Miss India– I S Johar ),”Zindagi to zoomle jara” (Biswajeet-Kaise kahoon), “Jaanu kya mera dil ab kahan kho gaya“ (Ziddi–Joy Mukherje),”Dilme ek jaane tamannane jagah paayi hai” -(Shashi Kapoor-Benzeer) ,”Chaandsa mukhada kyun sharmaya” (Sunil Dutt-Insaan jaag utha), “Naache man mora magan” (Ashok Kumar-Meri soorat teri aankhen),”Mai kal fir milungi“-With Lata (For Manoj Kumar-Dr.Vidya) & “Ye dil diwana hai“ (Dharmendra-Ishq par jor nahin), “Palkonke peechhese kya tumne” (Rajendra Kumar-Talash) etc. etc.
But it is beyond our imagination that why Burmanda made an failure attempt by giving playback of Kishore to Dilip Kumar in “Sageena”? One more interesting truth. Look at the ”Trend setter-Singer ” equations,”Dilip-Rafi, Dev-Kishore and Raj-Mukesh”. Rafi sang most of the songs for Dilip Kumar, Rafi has an almost equal share with Kishore for Dev Anand and off course Mukesh sang major number of songs for Raj Kapoor, but Rafi also gave playback to Raj Kapoor for 31 songs.
Friends, thoughts expressed above are my personal,music lovers have right to differ. Thanks Friends.