Compiled by: Mr. Biman Baruah from Sivasagar, Assam.
HARI OM………. HARI OM………..
Man Tadapat Hari Darsan Ko Aaj
Moore Tum Bin Bigre Sagre Â Kaaz
Binti Karta Hoon Moore Rakhiyoo Laaj………
Tumre Dar Ka Main Ho Jogi , Hamari Aur Nazar Kaab Hogi
Lord! I am dying for your glimpse, without your blessing I cannot achieve anything.
I urge you to preserve by honor.
I am a beggar standing at your door, when will you look at me?
Listen to my heart in agony
Rafi Saheb was eternally peerless in the above classic devotional song with full of mode, emotion and devotion for God from the film Baiju Bawra (1952) composed by Naushad Ali picturised on tragic hero Bharat Bhushan.
The Bhajan or Devotional song has a unique place in Indian society and they are simple songs sung in the praise of God.Â Most of Bhajans were written between the 14th through 17th centuries. Bhajan is an important part of a Hindu revivalist movement which swept through India during the Mogul period; this movement was known as the Bhakti movement. Indian classical music based on ragas and tala played on Veena, Sarangi Venu, Mridanga, Dholak or Tabla used in Bhajans. Filmi Bhajans are devotional songs from Hindi movies, which are composed using the melody like a popular filmi song. Basically, Bhajans relate to Hinduism, however many of the devotional songs are general and acceptable to followers of other religion or faith also.
The devotional songs play a very important role in Hindi Cinema. The supernatural voice of Mohammed Rafi Sahab had been used in greater number of devotional songs of Hindi Film Music and his voice given a wide popularity to filmi devotional songs.The following are the most popular and immortal devotional songs sung by Rafi Saheb:-
|1||1952||Baiju Bawra||Man Tarpat Hari Darshan Ko Aaj||Naushad||Shakeel Badayuni|
|2||1952||Baiju Bawra||O Duniya Ke Rakhwale Sun Dard Bharee Mere Nalee||Naushad||Shakeel Badayuni|
|3||1954||Tulsidas||Mujhe Apni Sharan Mein Le Lo Ram||Chitragupta||G.S. Nepali|
|4||1954||Amar||Insaf Ka Mandir Hai||Naushad||Shakeel Badayuni|
|5||1956||Taj||Meri Binati Suno Bhagwan||Hemant Kumar||Rajinder Krishan|
|6||1956||Basant Bahar||Duniya Na Bhaye||Shankar Jaikishan||Shailendra|
|7||1957||Naya Daur||Aana Hai To Aa||O.P. Nayyar||Sahir Ludhiyanvi|
|8||1957||Miss Mary||Brindaban Ka Krishan Kanahaiya||Hemant Kumar||Rajinder Krishan|
|9||1961||Gharana||Jai Raghunandan||Ravi||Shakeel Badayuni|
|10||1964||Chitralekha||Man Re Tu Kahe Na||Roshan||Sahir Ludhiyanvi|
|11||1965||Khandan||Badi Der Bhai Nandlala||Ravi||Rajinder Krishan|
|12||1970||Naya Raasta||Ishwar Allah Tere Naam||N. Datta||Sahir Ludhiyanvi|
|13||1970||Gopi||Sukh Ke Sab Saathi Dukh Mein Na Koyee||Kalyanji Anandji||Rajinder Krishan|
|14||1971||Ganga Tera Pani Amrit||Ganga Tera Pani Amrit||Ravi||Sahir Ludhiyanvi|
The devotional songs from Vijay Bhatt’s BAIJU BAWRA picturised on Bharat Bhushan, “O Duniya Ke Rakhwale” & “Man Tarpat Hari Darshan Ko Aaj” established Rafi Saheb’s credentials as the number one playback singer of Hindi Cinema which also began a first trend of creating star with Bharat Bhushan on the magic of his golden voice and the actor had got his stardom which was his 18th film. The newly established Radio Programme “Binaca Geetmala” played the two songs regularly which also lead to wide popularity of the songs.
Another devotional Rafi gem, “Duniya Na Bhaye Mohe Ab Tu Bulale Tere Charnoo Main” from Raja Nawathe’s romantic melodrama BASANT BAHAR was also picturised on Bharat Bhushan. In both the films, Bharat Bhushan played the role of a struggling musician having faith for God and the voice of Rafi Sahab was emotionally peerless for his devotion to God.
The song from B.R. Chopra’s golden jubilee hit social drama NAYA DAUR, “Anna Hai Tu Aa, Rah Main Kush Pher Nahin Hai, Bhagwan Ghar Dher Hai Aandher Nahin Hai” depicts that there is no barrier for any devotee to enter the Lord’s home. This hunting devotional number by Rafi Saheb was picturised on a least known artist in a temple with full gathering of stars like Dilip Kumar, Vyjayantimala, Ajit & others.
The song “Insaf Ka Mandir Hai, Bhagwan Ghar Hai” from Mehboob Khan’s AMAR was picturised on thespian Dilip Kumar. Other devotional Rafi number “Sukh Ke Sab Saathi, Dukh Main Na Koyee” from A. Bhimsingh’s GOPI was also beautifully picturised on Dilip Kumar and the song depicts the reality of our life that everyone is very near to a person in the time of prosperity, but wants to avoid him in his bad times.
The song “Mujhe Apni Sharan Mein Le Lo Ram” from TULSIDAS was so soulful and a total surrender in devotion of God. The duet by Rafi-Lata, “Brindaban Ka Krishan Kanhaiya” from AVM’s MISS MARY was very popular, picturised on Om Prakash & Meena Kumari. The duet “Jai Raghunandan” by Rafi,Asha Bhosle & Chorus from S.S.Vasan’s GHARANA was picturised on a devoted family of Lalita Pawar, Raaj Kumar, Rajendra Kumar, Devika, & Shobha Khote. The song from Kidar Sharma’s CHITRALEKHA, “Man Re Tu Kahe Na Dheer Dhare” was picturised on Pradeep Kumar which depicts the ultimate reality of human being. Another popular duet by Rafi-Lata from A. Bhimsingh’s KHANDAN, “Badi Der Bhai Nandlala” was picturised on Sunil Dutt & Nutan Behl. Music Director Ravi won the Filmfare Best Music Director Award for the film Gharana (1961) and Khandan (1965).
The song from Khalid Akhtar’s NAYA RAASTA “Ishwar Allah Tere Naam, Sara Jag Teri Santan” picturised on Balraj Sahani describing the several names of God, he is the creator of whole world and only he can bless all of us. The title song from Virendra Singha’s GANGA TERA PANI AMRIT describing the importance of River GANGA and its HOLY water in Indian History, Religion, Faith and Life. The song was played in background at the beginning of the film and also at last beautifully picturised on Navin Nischol with a large group in Tractors on the river bank.
In addition to the songs mentioned in the above list, Rafi Saheb lent his peerless voice for several devotional songs of Hindi Film Music. The notable devotional song from the film Dus Lakh, composed by Ravi was beautifully picturised on character artiest Om Prakash. In K. Shankar’s SACHAAI, hero Shammi Kapoor pray God to excuse him for his past crime & dishonesty in the voice of Rafi Sahab visiting Church, Masjid & Temple with full devotion and the song was “Mera Gunaah Maaf Kar Mera Zameer Saaf Kar, Mere Jeesu, Mere Khuda, Mere Parmatma”. Another devotional one from Krishna Shah’s SHALIMAR, “Naag Devta” is the last song by Rafi Saheb for zany actor Shammi Kapoor. The song was composed by R.D. Burman in the lyrics of Anand Bakshi.
The devotional songs, “Sai Baba Bolo” and “Sainath Tere Hazaaron Haath” from the Ashok V. Bhushan’s SHIRDI KE SAI BABA, written by Manoj Kumar and composed by Pandurang Dikshit were become very popular in the golden voice of Rafi Saheb. The role of Sai Baba was played by character artist Sudhir Dalvi in the film. In fact, Rafi Saheb was a great devotee of SAI BABA in real life. In the same year, another devotional Rafi number from the musical hit, AMAR AKBAR ANTHONY, “Shirdiwale Sai Baba, Aaya Hai Tere Daar Pe Savari” was also become very popular and with perfect lip-synchronization by Rishi Kapoor. The Rafi-Asha duet “Hai Naam Re Sabse Bada Tera Naam O Sheronwali Onchee Sheronwali” from SUHAAG picturised on Amitabh & Rekha playing “DANDIA” in a temple premises is being still heard in all corners of the country during festive seasons like Navarati, Durga Puja, Kali Puja, etc.
The popular number of this category in early 1980s, from J.Om Prakash’s AASHA, “Tune Mujhe Bulaaya Sheronwalien, Main Aaya Main Aaya Sheronwalien” by Rafi, Narendra Chanchal & Chorus was well picturised on Jeetendra & Rameshwari in the steps Amarnath Mandir. The song was truthfully composed by Laxmikant-Pyarelal in the well-meaning lyrics of Anand Bakshi. The standout devotional Sufi song, “Har Jalwa Tera Jalwa” from HARJAEE came all the way in late 1981 after impetuous demise of Rafi Saheb and it was picturised on Randhir Kapoor, the senior son of Raj Kapoor.
The last song of this category by our beloved Rafi Saheb is “Makhmal Ho Ya Taat Ka Parda” from the film SOORMA BHUPALI (1988), written, edited & directed by comedian JAGDEEP and the song was picturised on Danny Denzongpa who had experience of singing with Rafi Saheb as a proficient singer.
Rafi Saheb had also sung some memorable devotional songs for a non-film album composed by musician Khaiyyaam which was Rafi Saheb’s one of the earliest non-film albums. According to Khayyam, “Rafi had a desire to sing some bhajans -Hindu devotional songs; In fact, Rafi himself gave me some bhajan tunes and asked me to compose music taking those tunes as a base”.
“Ai Maalik Tere Bande Ham” from V. Shantaram’sÂ DO AANKHEN BARAH HAATH (1957) composed by Vasant Desai and lyric by Bharat Vyas is a landmarkÂ devotional song of HFM sung by Melody Queen Lata Mangeshkar. “Main Tu Aarti Utaru Re Santoshi Maa Ki ” from Jai Santoshi Maa and “Satyam Shivam Sundram” from Raj Kapoor’s SATYAM SHIVAM SUNDARAM are another notable devotional song sung by Lata. “Tan Maan Dhan Saab Hai Tera Bin Tere Kiya Hai Mera” from MANCHALI sung by Mukesh which was well picturised on versatile actor Sanjeev Kumar. “Durga Hai Meri Maa Ambee Hai Meri Maa” from KRANTI sung by Mahendra Kapoor was picturised on Manoj Kumar. “Hai Khuda Har Fasla Tera Mujhe Manzoor Hai” from ABDULLAH sung by Kishore Kumar was picturised on Sanjay Khan. “Maa Sherowali O Maa Sherowali” sung by Shabbir Kumar from MARD was picturised on Amithab Bachchan.
Music to human ears is heavenly and if it is purely devotional in the melodies voice of Mohammed Rafi it is truly divine. Nothing can be more deeply rooted in the Indian tradition than Bhajans or Devotional songs which are simple songs in soulful language expressing the many-splendored emotions of Love for GOD. In the above devotional songs, Rafi Saheb made a complete self-surrender to GOD through his singing and even though the songs mentioned being decadent, some of the songs can be heard again and again for indefinitely.