A Personal Tribute to Dr. Bhupen Hazarika : The Golden Voice of Assam
Compiled by: Sri Biman Baruah, a resident of Gokuldham ONGC Colony, Film City Road, Goregaon(East), Mumbai-400063.
RAMZANORE ROOZA GOL
ULLAL EIDAR JOON
BAHE AAJI KAUN…… 2
(Ramzan’s Rooza has Ended, Moon of EID is Spotted, Who will be seated in the Assemble of Worship)
It was the sole famous qawwali song from Assamese film, Lati-Ghati (1966), where two legendry singers, Mohammed Rafi and Dr. Bhupen Hazarika shared their golden voice with chorus. The song begins with voice of Rafi Sahab with chorus and in middle of song Dr. Hazarika joins them. The thesis of the song is the celebration of EID at the end of holy month of Ramzan by Hindu and Muslim together with communal harmony in a small village called Hajoo nearGuwahati,Assam. The lyrics and music of the song was penned by Dr. Bhupen Hazarika with direction of the film. Dr. Hazarika was the first person fromAssam who led the way of pioneering the Assamese cinema and culture in national and international cinema graph.
In addition to above Assamese film song, Mohammed Rafi Sahab had sung following two popular solos for an Assamese Modern song album which were never been make use of in a film.
MARAMAR FAKU KHELE
RANGATE NACHE PAKHILI
MATE MOOKE HAAT BAULI……2
In the Valley of Assam, Sunshine play with Colures,, Butterflies Daces in Joy Which Call me with Beck of Hands
The song gives a picture of the natural beauty, ecological uniqueness ofvalleyofAssamand simplicity, natural worship and friendliness of its people which recalls everyone with back of hands.
MOOR DRISTIT TUMI DHARA PARILA
AARU DRISTIRE MANALOI AAHILA
JADI AYE MARAM HAI, AYE MARAM KIMAN BHAL…… 2
(My Eyes Search You and You Entered My Heart through Them, If It Is Love, It’s Fine)
The song depicts the eternal feeling of a lover how he visualizes his dream girl with his beautiful eyes. It is one of the best evergreen romantic songs among the Assamese Modern songs delightfully sung by Rafi Sahab. The above two popular Mohammed Rafi songs were composed by music director duo Jitu-Tapan (Hindi Serial TEHKIKAAT fame) in the beautiful lyrics of Nurul Haque and both the songs are available in a HMV cassette of Assamese songs named Amar Sangeet with other songs of Dr. Bhupen Hazarika and Deepali Borthakur.
Besides Mohammed Rafi, all the leading Hindi Film singers of golden era sung Assamese film songs and modern songs under composition and synchronization of Dr. Bhupen Hazarika which further enrich the album of Assamese language songs. The register of singers from HINDI FLIM INDUSTRY who sung Assamese film and modern songs is very big i.e. from Lata Mangeshkar to Suman Kalyanpur and from Hemant Kumar to Kishore Kumar which is very intermittent as compared to other regional language music industry. The list of famous Assamese Film songs sung by Hindi Film Singers:-
|1||Loti-Ghati||Ramzanor Rooza Gol , Ullal Eidar Joon||Bhupen Hazarika||Bhupen Hazarika||Mohammed Rafi, Bhupen Hazarika and Chorus.|
|2||Chik Mik Bijuli||Pakkhiraj Ghora Khat Khat Ke Dora||Bhupen Hazarika||Bhupen Hazarika||Kishore Kumar, Asha Bhosle and Bhupen Hazarika|
|3||Era Batar Sur||Raad Puwavar Karane Matibanu Kak||Bhupen Hazarika||Bhupen Hazarika||Lata Mangeskar, Bhuen Hazarika and Hemant Kumar|
|4||Era Batar Sur||Jonakare Raati Assaomire Maati||Bhupen Hazarika||Bhupen Hazarika||Lata Mangeskar|
|5||Aranya||Dinor Pohar Rangchangia||Sudhin Dasgupta||Kesav Mahanta||Manna Dey|
|6||Chik Mik Bijuli||Ghar Amar Mati Hoy, Mati Ye Ghar||Bhupen Hazarika||Bhupen Hazarika||Mukesh Chand Mathur|
|7||Megh||Nirab Kareng Tomar Hridai||Jitu-Tapan||Pradeep Sarmah||Talat Mehmood|
|8||Megh||Ei Jiban Madhur Jiban||Jitu-Tapan||Nurul Haque||Mahendra Kapoor and Anuradha|
|9||Palsare Rang||Palsare Rang||Bhupen Hazarika||Bhupen Hazarika||Bhupen Hazarika and Usha Mangeskar|
|10||Man Prajapati||Abhimani Bandhu||Bhupen Hazarika||Bhupen Hazarika||Asha Bhosle|
|11||Man Prajapati||Ei Dhuniya Godhuli Lagan||Bhupen Hazarika||Bhupen Hazarika||Asha Bhosle|
|12||Kanchghar||Jiban Ghorir Protit Pal||Jitu-Tapan||Bhupen Hazarika||Suman Kalyanpur|
|13||Poonakan||Phool Bhara Phool Niwa||Kumar Ranjan||Pradeep Sarmah||Suman Kalyanpur|
|14||Chameli Memsaab||Hawa Nai Batash Nai||Bhupen Hazarika||Bhupen Hazarika||Usha Mangeskar|
|15||Aranya||Sile Sile Theka Khale||Sudhin Dasgupta||Kesav Mahanta||Aarati Mukherjee|
The above listed songs, except the duet by Rafi Sahab and Dr. Hazarika, are available in a CD by SA RE GA MA titled “O Bideshi Bandhu” which is adopted from a famous song from the film Chameli Memsahab by Dr. Hazarika. The Rafi Sahab and Dr. Hazariaka duet is available in a MP3 CD titled as “Geetimalika-2”. The other famous Assamese film and moderns songs of golden era are available in other MP3 CDs titled as “Bolchhobir Sonali Geet” and “Asomor Chirajugamiya Geet” by SA RE GA MA.
There was a Hindi Song in the Assamese film MAK ARU MARAM (1957) directed by Nip Baruah under composition of his brother Brajen Barauh since the storyline of the film was in Culcutta. However, the trend of engaging Hindi Film Singers for playback in Assamese films started by Dr. Bhupen Hazarika from ERA BATAR SUR (1956) which opened a new mechanisms of Assamese films and became a turning point of Assamese films. In the film he added his most preferred song, “Sagar Sangramat Katanu Xaturilu Tathapitu Huwa Nai Kalnta” with two songs by melody queen Lata Mangeshkar : a solo “Jonakare Raati Assomire Mati” and a multi singer song “Rad Puwabar Karane Matibanu Kak” with Dr. Bhupen Hazarika and Hemant Kumar Mukherjee. Initially, the said solo was created by Dr. Bhupen Hazarika in 1952 for a first Indian L.P. record with the voice of Lata Mangeshkar named as “Around The India With Lata”. The record was created with one song in the voice of Lata Mangeshkar from different Indian Languages and as an Assamese language song it was included in the record. In CHIK MIK BIJULI (1969), Dr. Hazarika accommodated large number playback singers from Hindi Film Industry: Mukesh, Kishore Kumar, Asha Bhosle and Suman Kalyanpur. Mukesh Chand Mathur sung the only Assamese song in the film with his great pathos as follows:-
GHAR AMAR MAATI HOY, MATIYEI GHAR
BAATYEI AMAR APOON HOY, APOONYEI PAR
(Our Home Is The Earth, Earth Is Our Home)
(Only The Path Is Our Own, And All Others Are Fake)
In mid 1970s, again Mukesh Sahab was contracted by Assamese Producer-Director, Prabin Bora (Parinaam, Angikar & Prem Bhara Chakuloo fame) for a song during making of his film Angikar under composer Dr. Bhupen Hazarika. Unfortunately, due to early demise of Mukesh Sahab on 27th August, 1976, the theme song of the film, “Jeevan Sundar Maram Sundar” was later sung by composer Dr. Bhupen Hazarika with Anju Devi. Director Prabin Bora would like to dedicate his recent film “LUITAK BHETIBA KYONE” to Dr. Bhupen Hazarika which will be the first Assamese film to be dedicated to the legend and to be released in early 2012.
There was also a popular multi-singer song, “Phakiraaj Ghora Khat Khat Ke Doura” in the film, Chick Mik Bijuli by Kishore Kumar, Asha Bhosle and Dr. Bhupen Hazarika. Suman Kalyanpur sung two popular songs in the film: a solo “Bijulir Phohar Mure Nai” and a duet “Milanar Ayi Subhakhan” with Dr. Hazarika.
Recently, Dr. Bhupen Hazarika was died in the KokilabenDhirubhaiAmbaniHospital, Andheri(West), Mumbai on 5th November, 2011 due to multi organ failure. His body was shifted to Guwahati, Assam on 7th November and cremated on 9th November at JALUKBARI in a plot of land donated by GAUHATI UNIVERSITY. His funeral was attended by an anticipated half a million people which create a mark not only in Assam but in Republic of India like funerals of Mahatma Gandhi, Mohammed Rafi, Michel Jackson, etc.
Brief life history of Dr. Bhupen Hazarika
Dr. Bhupen Hazarika was born on 8th September, 1926 in Sadiya presently in Tinsukia district of Assam to Shantipriya and Nilakanta Hazarika, who was originally from Nazira, Sivasagar, Assam. Bhupen Hazarika, the eldest of ten kids was exposed to traditional music of Assam due to musical influence of his mother. After three of his birth, his father shifted from Sadiya to Bharalumukh, Guwahati where Hazarika spent his early days. In 1932 his father shifted to Dhuburi and in 1935 finally to Tezpur. In Tezpur, a teenaged Hazarika was noticed by the doyens of Assamese culture, Jyotiprasad Agarwala and Bishnuprasad Rabha when he was singing a BORGEET taught by his mother at the age of 10 at a public function. In 1936, they escorted young Bhupen Hazarika to Kolkata where he recorded his first song at the Aurora Studio for the Selona Company. Afterward, he sang two songs: “Kaxote Kolosi Loi” and “Biswa Bijoyi Naujawan” at the age of 12 in the second Assamese film INDRAMALATI (1939) produced and directed by founder of Assamese Cinema, Jyoti Prasad Agarwala. He also acted in the film as a child artist. He had written his first song, “Agnijugar Firingoti Moi” at the age of 13 and started his way to becoming a lyricist, composer and singer. He was well known for writing bold lyrics with themes of communal harmony, universal justice and sympathy. His songs have become popular among all sections of cultural and religious communities inAssam,West Bengal andBangladesh.
Dr. Bhupen Hazarika studied at SonaramHigh Schoolat Guwahati, DhuburiGovernmentSchooland finally matriculated from TezpurHigh Schoolin 1940. He completed his Intermediate Arts from CottonCollegein 1942 and his BA & MA degrees in Political Science from BanarasHinduUniversityin 1944 and 1946 respectively. After completing his MA, he worked at All India Radio, Guwahati and at GauhatiUniversityas a lecturer for short period. Subsequently, he got a scholarship from Columbia University and navigated to New York in 1949. At Columbia University he met Priyamvada Patel, whom he married in 1950 and their only kid Tez Hazarika was born in 1952. Later on, they separated with mutual understanding. In 1952, he received PhD in Mass Communication from Columbia University on “Proposals for Preparing India’s Basic Education to Use Audio-Visual Techniques in Adult Education”.
During his stay in New Yorkin the early 1950s, he was connected with Paul Robeson who persuaded him and he was exposed to American black spirituals. Most of Dr. Hazarika’s prominent compositions were adaptation of American black spirituals which he had learned from Paul Robeson. For instance, his famous song “Bistirno Parore Asankha Janare” is based on the theme of Robeson’s “Ol Man River” and a multi-lingual version of “We are in the Same Boat Brother” was a habitual feature in his stage performance.
In 1953, after returning from USA he was associated with the Indian People’s Theatre Association (IPTA) and became the secretary of the committee of the third All Assam Conference of IPTA held in Guwahati in 1955.Then he started direction of Assamese film with ERA BATOR SUR (1956) followed by SHAKUNTALA (1961), PRATIDHWANI (1964), LATI-GHATI (1966),CHIK MIK BIJULI (1969), MON PRAJAPATI (1979), SWIKAROKTI (1986) and SIRAJ (1988). He also composed music and playback for Assamese films like: Maniram Dewan, Era Bator Sur, Shakuntala, Pratidhwani, Lati-Ghati, Chik Mik Bijuli, Chameli Memsahab, Mon Prajapati, Banjooi, Palasare Rang, Angikar and Aparoopa. His monstrous popularity in Assam as a lyricist, singer, music composer and film director elected him as an Independent candidate to Assam Legislative Assembly for the period 1967 to 1972 and he exclusively initiated the proposal for setting-up a state owned film studio in Guwahati, Assam. Subsequently, the studio has been set-up in Kahilipara, Guwahati named as “Jyoti Chitraban” which is being dedicated to founder of Assamese Cinema, Jyoti Prasad Agarwala. In 1974, he directed a colour documentary film titled For Whom The Sun Shines based on Tribal folk songs and dances for the Arunachal Pradesh Government. In 1977, he also produced, directed and composed music for Arunachal Pradesh’s first colour Hindi feature film, MERA DHARAM MERI MAA.
In early 1970s, for better prospects Dr. Hazarika shifted his base to Kolkata and then to Mumbai. He already directed and composed music for a Bengali film, MAHUT BANDHU RE in 1958. He also composed music for some other Bengali films like JIBAN TRISHNA, JONAKAR ALO, KARI O KOMAL, ASAMAPTA, EKHANE PINJAR, DAMPATI, CHAMELI MEMSAAB, SHIMANA PERYE, DUI and BECHARA.
In Mumbai, he was first associated with film director Atma Ram (Guru Dutt’s brother) whose film YE GULISTAN HAMARA (1972) staring evergreen Dev Anand, Sharmila Tagore, Pran, etc. was shoot in Coal India’s colliery at Margherita in Tinsukia district of Assam with the help and support of Dr. Hazarika. Then, he composed music for first Hindi film, AAROP (1973) directed by Atma Ram starring Vinod Khanna, Vinod Mehra and Saira Banu and the songs of the film became very popular particularly the duet, “Nainon Mein Darpan Hai” by Lata-Kishore. In late 1970s, he was linked with director Shyam Beneal’s assistant, Kalpana Lajmi, daughter of painter Lalita Lajmi and niece of Atma Ram who worked with him too as an assistant director in Assamese film Mon Prajapati (1979). He became producer, music composer, playback singer for the film EK PAL (1986) in which Kalpana Lajmi debuted as a director and it was mainly filmed in Assam. Since then Dr. Bhupen Hazarika is being managed by Kalpana Lajmi professionally and personally till death. He also composed music for Lajmi’s other films: RUDDALI (1993), DARMIYAAN (1997), DAMAN (2001) and KYON? (2003).For making of these films, lots of his earlier songs was translated to Hindi mainly by Gulzar Sahab, out of which the song from Ruddali, “Dil Hoom Hoom Kare Ghabraye” sung by Lata Mangeshkar became very popular which was adopted from Assamese film MANIRAM DEWAN (1955). He also composed music for Bimal Dutt’s PRATIMURTI (1993), Sai Paranjype’s PAPIHA (1995) & SAAZ (1998), Lekh Tandon’s MIL GAYEE MANZIL MUJHE (1996) and M. F. Hussain’s GAJA GAMINI (2000).
Awards and Recognitions:
Bhupen Hazarika got President’s Silver Medal for three Assamese films: SAKUNTALA (1961), PRATIDHWANI (1964) and LATI-GHATI (1966) directed by him. He got National Award for best music director for regional film for CHAMELI MEMSAAB (1975). He was honored Padma Shri in 1977, Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1987, Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1992 and Padma Bhusan in 2001. In 1993, he was conferred as the first Indian Music Director for best music Internationally for the film RUDAALI at the Asia Pacific International Film Festival in Japan. Government of Assam honored him with Shankerdev Award in 1987 and Asom Ratna in 2009, the highest civilian award in the State of Assam. The Government of Bangladesh has honored him with “The Muktijodha Award” posthumously immediately after his death.
Mohammed Rafi and Dr. Bhupen Hazarika both were firstly great human beings, then emblems of nation and the uncrowned king of Indian Music Industry with national and international acclamation. Rafi Sahab was the first recognized playback singer of Indian Cinema who dominated Hindi Film Music from 1949 to 1969 and then to 1980 in top most rank, sang over 28,000 songs including regional language songs. Dr. Bhupen Hazarika was a poet, lyricist, singer, musician and filmmaker whose creations are marked by sympathy and universal brotherhood. His songs written and sung mainly in Assamese language by himself and have been translated and sung in many languages, most notable in Bengali and Hindi. He was the uncrowned king of not only of Assam, but also of entire North-Eastern India’s cultural heritage. He was broadly recognized in Hindi Film Industry for introducing the sounds and folk music of Assamand North-East Region to Hindi Film. Both were the real Bharat Ka Ranta, but who were not all acknowledged in their lifetime. Some State Governments and Indian Public already declared both of them as “BHARAT RATNA”. But it is most pertinent to mention that Government of India still not honored Mohammed Rafi with Bharat Ratna posthumously after thirty years from his early demise on 31st July,1980. Consequently, there is also have doubts about that Dr. Bhupen Hazarika may be honored with Bharat Ratna posthumously.
For feedback the readers may contact by e-mail: email@example.com and by SMS: 09920336509.